Montgomery News

                            Sep. 29, 1905


PANAMA,  a  visit  to  the  youngest  mining town in the county.


   The senior editor of the News drove to  the new town of Panama last

Monday  and  saw  the  initial process  of  transforming  a  veritable

wilderness into a center of industrial activity.

   The first impression one  has  on  entering  the town or village or

settlement, or whatever it may be called,  of  Panama  is  that a more

unsuitable place for a town could not  have been selected in the state

of Illinois, surely not in Montgomery county,  for of all the wild and

woolly places we have  seen  the  immediate surroundings of Panama take

the cake!  But those who selected the  town  site  of Panama doubtless

understand  their  business  and  may  be  building  better  than  the

unthinking public realize.  Panama is located  2  1/2  miles  west  of

Donnellson and 3 1/2 miles east  or  northeast of Sorento, right where

Bear Creek crosses the county line.  It  is  situated  on a succession

of hills and "hog backs",  along  which  the  scrub post oak grows, and

where the land is as white as the  paper  upon  which this is printed.

There  are  gulches  or  "draws"  running   angling  in  almost  every

direction, which are deep enough, some of  them,  to hide a four story

house.  Evidently the future  inhabitants  of  this town will never be

troubled over the drainage question.  The  streets  are  laid  out  to

accommodate themselves to  the  hog backs  and  the gulches, and run in

all kinds of directions.  Someone said that  the  plat of  Panama looks

like a crazy quilt.  The reason  is  apparent,  for the lots had to be

laid out with reference to the hills  and  gulches and the streets had

to be run along the lines of least resistance.

   Some two years ago a syndicate began  buying  up  the coal lands in

Grisham township and  after  taking  options  on thousands of acres of

coal  rights  at $5 per acre several  prospect  holes  where  sunk  in

various parts of the township, in  each  of  which a fine vein of coal

was struck.  One prospect hole was sunk  in  the  bed  of  Bear Creek,

about a quarter of a mile  north  of  the county line and about a half

mile north of the Clover Leaf Railroad.   Here  a  fine  vein of coal,

seven feet and eight inches thick, was  found  at a depth of 370 feet,

and it was at once determined to sink  a  shaft  at  this spot, as all

the other prospect holes  showed  the  coal  from fifty to one hundred

feet deeper.

   The  shaft  was  sunk  by  the  Shoal  Creek Company, a company  of

capitalists having their office in the  Rookery  in Chicago.  Frank P.

Blair is the president, G. W. Traer  is  vice president and J. M. Blee

is treasurer of this company.  They began  work  May  4, 1905 and were

down to coal September 8, 1905,  having  sunk the shaft in four months

and four days, and during that time  the  work  was closed down nearly

thirty  days!   This  unprecedented  activity  on   the  part  of  the

promoters  and their employees show there  is  plenty  of  energy  and

money  back  of  the  enterprise.   The  concrete foundation  for  the

permanent top works is being placed, the  air  shaft  is  already down

some 250 feet,  a  dynamo  has  been  installed and a machine has been

placed in the mine and is now  at  work  cutting  the  entries.   This

machine is operated, of course,  by  electricity.  About forty men are

employed in and around the mine, and  the  utmost activity prevails in

every branch of  the  work.   Three  shifts, each working eight hours,

are employed, and the work goes on night  and  day.   Many  of the men

employed in and around  the  mine  live  at Donnellson and Sorento and

walk to and from their work.  Others  board near the mine in temporary

shacks  and  tents.   The  managers  expect  to  have  the  top  works

completed and to be hoisting coal for  the  market before cold weather

sets in.  A switch  has  been  built  from the Clover Leaf Railroad to

the mine, and over this lumber, brick  and  other building material is

daily brought to be used in building up Panama.

   Upon the hills and hog backs that rise  75  or  100  feet above the

site of this mine  on  the  west,  is  to be located the new town, and

already the activity in building is  marvelous.  An army of carpenters

are at work on  some  25  or  30 residence houses and preparations are

being  made  to start a number of  others.   The  coal  company  wants

enough houses to  shelter  from  100  to  150 families, and wants them

badly.  A syndicate composed of C. C.  Terry  of  Girard  and Colvin &

White and  J.  J.  Frey  of  Hillsboro,  is undertaking to supply in a

measure, this demand for houses.  They  have already completed two and

have let contracts for twenty six  more  dwellings.  The houses are to

be of different styles of architecture, but  all  of  them  are  to be

about of equal size and cost.  They  will contain four good rooms with

pantry, two porches and brick foundation.  A  cistern will be built at

each  house  as  some  of  the  well  water in that locality is alkali

(strange to say) and not fit to drink.   This  is the only locality in

this part of the state that we know  of,  where water is like it is in

Western Oklahoma.

   On  the  hills  and  points  in  the  vicinity of Panama,  the  old

primitive log cabin is frequently seen.  In  fact,  there are more log

cabins in that part of  Grisham  township,  perhaps, than can be found

by traveling the county over.  But  these  will  soon disappear before

the march  of  civilization  and  modern  enterprise, and before three

years we expect to see the picturesque  hills  of  Panama  dotted with

modern and comfortable residences and  the  hum of industrial activity

will be heard to echo along the bluffs  of  Bear  Creek  where  a  few

months ago there was nothing  to  disturb  the stillness save the hoot

of the owl and the baying of the coon dog!

   Much  of  the  Panama  town  site  is  located in Bond County.  The

county line between this and Bond  County  runs  diagonally  across  a

number  of  lots.   The  parties  purchasing  these lots will have  to

record  their  deeds  and  pay  taxes  in  both  Bond  and  Montgomery

Counties, a contingency we are certain  the  men who laid off the town

did not think of.  Almost all the  building, however, is being done in

Montgomery County, and the center  of  the  business part of town will

be in this county.  A hotel is being  erected  and  the  frame work is

already up.   It  is  a  large,  square  structure and will be made to

accommodate  a large number of guests.   A  store  building  has  been

erected, a large lumber yard has  been  equipped and a sort of planing

mill, where window and door frames are  being made, has been installed

and is being operated by means of  a large gasoline engine.  Every man

in the south part of Grisham Township who  can  saw  off  a  board  or

drive a nail has been  pressed  into  service, and the scene at Panama

reminds one of some of the scenes in the new boom towns in Oklahoma.

   The men who own the coal mine  say  that they already have a market

for every ton of coal they can get  out  and they give assurances that

other mines will be sunk north of the  present coal mine, and that the

spur already built from the Clover Leaf  will  be extended far up into

Grisham  and  possibly  Hillsboro  Townships.   They have thousands of

acres of coal rights bought and paid  for  in  Grisham  and  the south

part of Hillsboro Townships,  and  people  do  not nowadays buy and pay

for  property  of  this  kind for  fun.   It  is  reasonably  certain,

therefore, that other mines will be sunk and  in a few years that part

of the county will be one vast mining camp.


 Annual Coal Report for Year Ending June  1906


   The Shoal Creek Coal Company of Chicago  have  put  in  operation a

mine  at  Panama,  situated  on  the  Clover Leaf Railroad three miles

southwest of Donnellson, Montgomery county.  The  shafts  are 380 feet

deep as finished to the  bottom  of  the coal.  The hoisting shaft has

two hoisting compartments, 6 x 9 feet  6  inches  in  the  clear.  The

buntons are 8 x 8 in. with an 8  inch partition and 8 x 8 inch guides.

A water ring catches the water from the  drift  from where it is taken

by a pipe into the sump.  The air  shaft has two compartments, one for

air, 9 x 9 feet 4 in. in the  clear,  the  other  is  intended  for an

escapement which is 5 x 9 feet 4 in. in the clear.  There is a solid 8

inch partition between these compartments.  In the escapement there is

a stairway of oak lumber  with  handrails.   The upper part of the air

and  escapement  shafts  is surrounded  by  concrete  reinforced  with

corrugated iron bars to keep back the water.  A pump lodgement is made

behind this concrete dam and the water is  pumped  up  for  use in the

boilers. The concrete  lining  makes  the  shaft dry.  Both shafts are

heavily timbered from top to bottom.  The ventilating  fan is a 7 x 12

1/2 feet Capell quartered  to  furnish  300,000  cubic feet of air per

minute with a 5 inch gauge. The fan casing is of iron and steel plate.

The fan is nominally a blowing fan,  but is arranged to quick reverse.

The roof of the tunnels and side  drifts are of reinforced concrete to

avoid all woodwork.  The  doors  are  heavy  steel plate.  There is an

explosion door immediately over the airway.   The tipple building is a

steel tower erected by  the  Wisconsin  Bridge and Iron Company.  Self

dumping cages are used, the coal being  dumped in a large hopper.  The

shaking screens,  designed  by  the  general superintendant, George R.

Rice, were furnished by the Duncan  Foundry  and  Machine Works.  They

are 8 feet wide and 40 feet long,  loading the coal on four tracks.  A

boxcar  loader  will be installed soon, and  a  washer  is  now  being

erected.  The raw coal  to  be  washed  will be taken from the shaking

screens by belt to the top of  the  washery.  The hoisting engines are

22 x 36 inches, the drum 8  feet  in diameter, and is furnished with 2

post brakes and a winding device  which  automatically  shuts  off the

steam and sets the  brakes.   This  together with the detaching hooks,

makes as near a perfect device to  prevent overwinding as is possible.

In mining, the coal is  cut  entirely  by punching machines, of which,

the company has 20 Sullivans now in operation and one Sullivan and one

Norwalk  air  compressor.   The  compressor  room  is large enough for

another compressor and is built of brick  with  iron roof trusses with

gravel roofing. The Boiler room immediately  adjacent but seperated by

a  brick wall is also of brick  with  iron  roof  trusses  and  gravel

roofing.   It  now  contains  four  internally  fired boilers and  two

horizontal tubular boilers, all giving about  700 H.P.  The feed water

is heated by a Stillwell heater, all exhaust from the engine and pumps

passing through the heater.  A generator  in  the power room furnishes

light for the top works and  in  the mine immediately near the bottom.

The intention is to mine the coal on  the  panel  system  of 1000 foot

blocks. When the mine is fully  opened  out, it is expected to produce

2500 tons per day.




   Andrew Skalgia, aged 38, single, employed  by  the Shoal Creek Coal

Co. at  Panama,  was  killed  on  Feb.  21, 1906.  Deceased was at his

boarding place having worked that day  and  had  volunteered  to  take

lunch to a fellow  boarder  who  had  remained  in the mine to work an

extra shift.  Skalgia went with lunch in hand into the engine room and

asked the engineer for a cage, stating  for what purpose, also telling

the engineer that he would ring three bells when he was ready. Just at

that time the engineer received a signal from below that men wanted to

come up, and proceeded to hoist them.  In  the  mean  time Skalgia had

walked to the shaft  and  while  the  cages were in motion, rang three

bells to the engineer and walked into  the  shaft,  falling  onto  the

descending cage about 400 feet below.  He was killed instantly.


   Elisha Bean, miner, aged 45,  married,  employed by the Shoal Creek

Coal Co. at Panama was instantly killed  on  March  29,  1906  by coal

flying from a shot that he had lighted.  It is supposed that the squib

was defective because he had not moved away when the shot went off. He

leaves a widow and three children.



     5212 tons of mine run

     8419  "   "  lump

      862  "   "  nut

     2932  "   "  pea or screening

      742  "   "  slack or waste

   18,077 Total tons

   $15,814 aggregate value of total product.

   15,833 tons loaded on rail cars for shipment.

   264 tons sold to local trade.

   1980  "   consumed or wasted.

   85 days of active operation.

   Average number of miners - 37

   Other employees - 50

   Total employees - 87


                          MONTGOMERY NEWS

                            Jan. 19, 1906




   The coal mine at Panama  is  completed,  the air shaft is connected

with  the  main shaft, and the mine  is  now  hoisting  coal  for  the

market.   The  equipment  of  this  mine  is  all first class  and  it

promises to be one of the best  coal  properties  on  the  Clover Leaf



                           Montgomery News

                            Feb. 23, 1906




   The board of supervisors of Bond county  granted  a  license  to  a

saloon keeper, who erected  this  week  a  building in Bond county, on

the south side of Panama, this county,  and the citizens of Panama can

now get a drink by crossing the county line.



                       Montgomery News

                            Feb. 23, 1906




   A. N. Hamilton and Miss Alice Janetta  Jarvis, both of Panama, were

united in marriage, on Tuesday of this week  by Esq. C. W. Grassel, at

his office.  This was the first couple  to obtain license here, giving

the town of Panama as their home.


                           Montgomery News

                             Mar. 9, 1906




   F. W. Krummel sold this week a  large  amount  of furniture for the

Panama hotel.


                           Montgomery News

                            Mar. 30, 1906




   Elisha Bean, a miner, was killed in  the  Panama  mine at 6 o'clock

Thursday  morning,  March  29.   The  accident  was the  result  of  a

premature shot and the unfortunate man  was  killed instantly.  He was

the  son  of  Jesse  Bean,  an  old  resident of  Bond county,  and  he

recently moved from Sorento to Panama.  He  leaves  a wife and several

children.  This is the first accident that  has happened in the Panama



                           Montgomery News

                            Apr. 14, 1906




   Four indictments were  returned  against  George Wright, of Panama,

one for selling liquor to a minor,  containing  two  counts.   One for

keeping a public nuisance,  containing  five  counts.  One for keeping

open a tippling house on Sunday, containing  16  counts,  and  one for

selling liquor without a license, containing 42 counts.

   Bail was fixed in the first case at  $200,  in  the second at $600,

in the third  at  $300,  and  in  the  fourth case at $500.  The total

amount  of  bail  required from Mr.  Wright  was  $1600.   The  Reisch

Brewing Company,  it  is  understood,  is  backing Mr. Wright and they

made arrangements with the Hillsboro National  Bank  to give bail, and

E. J. Miller, the cashier of the bank went on his recognizance.

   It will be seen that if Mr. Wright  is  found  guilty  on  all  the

counts in the indictments it will  keep  him busy for several years of

his life paying the fines.

   The minimum fine for selling to  a  minor is $20; for maintaining a

public  nuisance  it is $50; for keeping  open  a  tippling  house  on

Sunday the  fine  is  not  more  than  $200, and for selling without a

license the minimum fine is $20.

   Besides  the  fine,  if  he  is  found  guilty of keeping a  public

nuisance, he must be sent to jail for  not  less  than twenty nor more

than fifty days.

   Mr. Wright is the proprietor of the  hotel  at Panama and claims he

has sold nothing stronger  than  "hop  ale."   He seemed to regard the

indictments as a sort of joke at first  but  began  to realize that he

was up  against  the  real  thing  before  bail was secured and he was

allowed to "go hence."  It was reported  that  he  said he had "fixed"

States Attorney Hill, and when Hill heard  of  it he was mad enough to

bite a piece out a railroad iron, and  he  will  prosecute  him with a

vigor that will  surprise  the  defendant.   Messrs. Jett & Kinder are

defending him.

   Another indictment was returned  against  George Wright, of Panama,

for selling intoxicating liquor without a  license.   The  grand  jury

have gone after George good and hard and  he is now the worst indicted

man in Montgomery county.  His bail was fixed at $300.

   The  grand  jury  reported  another  indictment,  containing  eight

counts, against George Wright Thursday morning.   They got the "Wright

habit," and couldn't adjourn without giving  him another swipe.  There

are now over 70 counts against George.                                                                    


                       Montgomery News

                            Jul. 27, 1906


Fishing At Panama


   Geo. Seward returned the  first  of  this  week from a visit to the

thriving new town of Panama in the  south  part  of  this  county.  He

says Panama is on the boom  and  is  making a reputation not only as a

mining town but as a fishing resort.   While  he  was there natives of

Panama brought in  fish  caught  in  that neighborhood which weighed 8

and 16 pounds each, and one was as long  as a gunny sack.  We are from



                           Montgomery News

                            Jul. 27, 1906


Post Office At Panama


   Mrs. Albert Mills has been appointed  postmistress  at  Panama, the

new  mining  town  on  the   Clover   Leaf  railroad,  midway  between

Donnellson and Sorento.

   This little town on the south line  of Montgomery county has sprung

into existence in a very short time.  A  year ago the hills upon which

the town is located  were  barren  wastes.   Today there is a thriving

community of several hundred people there.   The chief industry of  the

new town is coal mining.   The  Shoal  Creek Mining Co.  began sinking

their shaft there in the summer of 1905  and  they  are  mining 300 or

400 tons of coal a day.  The  shaft  is  489 feet deep, and has a vein

of coal 7 feet thick.  Scores of  houses  are  in  process of erection

and the town has  three  grocery  stores,  meat market, lumber yard, a

concrete block factory and various other enterprises.


                           Montgomery News

                            Aug. 31, 1906


Addition To Panama


   The Colvin and White Realty Co. of  this  city,  together with C.C.

Terry purchased the 60  acres  farm  of  Albert Ries adjoining the new

town of Panama on the south west, this  week,  and  they  will lay the

farm off into an  addition  to  Panama.  The farm lies in Bond county.


                           Montgomery News

                            Oct. 26, 1906


Election at Panama


   An election has been  called  for  the  new village of Panama to be

held at Kern's Hall, on Tuesday, Nov.  13, 1906.  The citizens will be

called upon to elect one  president  and  six trustees of the village.

The polls will be open from 7 A.M. till 5 o'clock P.M.


                           Panama Records


   List of voters at an election held on Tuesday, the thirteenth day

of November, 1906, at Kern's Hall in the village of Panama, in the

county of Montgomery and state of Illinois.


   1   S. J. Howard            13  A. M. Mills

   2   Alex Elliott              14  A. Skalongunas

   3   James McCoy          15  H. H. Collins

   4   Dell Cunningham    16  W. W. Bryan

   5   Jud Dolan                17  J. Ravelli

   6   Joe Zepart                18  Walter Smith

   7   E. S. Chase              19  A. H. Kerns

   8   Art Cease                 20  Green Jennings

   9   Sie Greenwalt          21  Dan Jones

   10  J. R. Walls              22  T. J. Williams

   11  Frank Kalaquin       23  Henry Sisk

   12  M. S. Coleman        24  Jim Hancock


   Emmett Baly, for president, received 21 votes.

   John Revelli, for trustee, received 20 votes.

   Walter Havron, for trustee, received 23 votes.

   E. S. Chase, for trustee, received 23 votes.

   Frank Kalaquin, for trustee, received 21 votes.

   Thomas Williams, for trustee, received 19 votes.

   Albert Bean, for trustee, received 21 votes.

   Jud Dolan, for trustee, received 8 votes.

   Alex Merideth, for trustee, received 1 vote.

   Ed Murray, for president, received 1 vote.







                        Montgomery News

                             Nov. 2, 1906


Organized Sunday School at Panama


   Rev. Dunn of Donnellson and  Geo.  S.  Monroe of the Baptist church

of this city, went to Panama last  Sunday  afternoon  and  organized a

Sunday School, to  be  called  the  Panama Sunday School.  Mr. Collins

was   elected   superintendent,  Miss   Viola   Kessinger,   Assistant

Superintendent and Miss Pence, Sec.  and  Treasurer.  There were about

sixty present last Sunday and from every  indication  they will have a

good Sunday School.


                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 16, 1906




   Panama  a  mining  town,  ten  miles south  and  2  miles  west  of

Hillsboro on  the  Toledo,  St.  Louis  and Kansas City Railroad while

only in the second year of its  existence,  can  boast  and  point to,

with pardonable pride, the achievements of labor.

   Scarcely two years ago, where Panama  now is, timber and underbrush

with an occasional hay field or  pasture,  small corn field, and a few

log houses, was all there was in evidence.

   Today while it cannot claim  to  be  a  city, it is bidding fair to

take third place in the county in the very near future.

   The Shoal Creek Coal Co., the chief  industry with 225 employees on

its payroll at present, will have a  capacity of employing between 500

& 600 men.

   In September of this year, they hoisted  500  tons  per  day  while

only one month later the  tonnage  was  increased to 1100 or more than

doubling the output for September.

   Their  sales  for  September  was  10,000  tons, and October 21,000


   They employ all miners who want jobs without delay.

   There  are  rumors  of  two  more coal  mines  being  sunk  in  the


   Panama  boasts of four up to  date  grocery  stores,  one  hardware

store, three hotels,  two  restaurants,  two  barber shops, a concrete

block factory, planing mill, lumber yard,  butcher shop, school house,

one saloon and no doctor.


                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 23, 1906




   George Wright and John O. Miller each  plead  guilty  to selling to

minors and were fined twenty  dollars  each.  George Wright also plead

guilty on 44 counts of an indictment  in  which  he  is  charged  with

selling  liquor  at  Panama  without  license.   He was  fined  twenty

dollars on each count or $880 and  ordered  tost  and  committed until

the fine and  costs  in  14  counts  were  paid.  A capias pro fine to

issue on five counts on Feb. 25, 1907  if  the same be not paid before

then.  Execution staid on balance of the fines  so long as he does not

violate the dram shop act in Montgomery county.

   Mr. Wright paid $574 cash in  fines  and costs and must pay another

$125 on or before Feb. 25, or be  committed to jail.  Mr. Wright found

out  that  it  is  very  expensive  to  sell liquor without license in

Montgomery county.




   That  another  coal  mine  will  be  sunk in  the  neighborhood  of

Hillsboro is now an assured fact, and the  new mine will be located on

the  old  Mansfield  farm,  now  occupied  by George Monroe and Newton

Montgomery, on the short line five miles southwest of Hillsboro.

   On Thursday and Friday of  last  week  Frank P. Blair, with a party

of gentlemen consisting of A. K. Craig,  superintendent of the mine at

Panama; N. B.  and  J.  E.  Wilson  and  C. C. Terry, of Girard; drove

around among the farmers in this vicinity  and  brought  cheer  to the

hearts of the farmers  who  are  interested by distributing among them

several thousand dollars, to apply on  the  coal  properties purchased

by Mr.  Blair  several  months  ago.   Mr.  Blair has taken options on

three  or four thousand acres of coal  rights  and  on  120  acres  of

surface ground on  which  the  mine  and  town site are to be located.

This property is on the old Mansfield farm, as before stated.

   It will be remembered that Mr.  Blair  is the gentleman who took up

and paid for the extensive coal territory  of  the Shoal Creek Company

in Grisham township this county  and  in  Shoal Creek township in Bond

county.  His attitude in this section of  the state is one of straight

business dealings and  definite  results.   He  has been ably assisted

here by his attorney Mr. C. C.  Terry,  who is thoroughly reliable and

who  has  won  many  friends  in  this section by his straight forward

business methods, and these methods have built  up  for  him  a  large

clientele among coal operators over this country.

   It is understood that this same company  will  put  in a steam coal

road from the  Burlington,  starting  at,  or near Reno, running north

through Panama to the Big Four road at  the site where the new mine is

to be  located  southwest  of  Hillsboro.   In connection with this we

might add that the Shoal Creek Coal  Company  is  now  producing  1200

tons of coal per  day,  which  is  not  one half of its capacity.  The

company is also building an immense coal  washer, the water used being

piped  1  1/2  miles  from  Shoal  Creek.   This pipeline is now being



                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 23, 1906




Walter Smith was a Donnellson visitor Monday.

George Grumm was a Donnellson visitor Monday.

Florence Ash visited with Ethel Mills this week.

Arthur and Ben Julius spent Sunday here with friends.

Paul Deshane of Sorento spent Sunday here with friends.

T.  W.  Kinzer  the  Sorento lumber  merchant  was  here  Saturday  on


Miss  Hattie Mansfield of Donnellson was  here  on  business  Saturday

between trains.

   The Panama Girls met at the home  of Miss Ethel Mills last Thursday

evening and organized a club  "An  Old  Maid Club" they named it.  Why

they did it and what they're going  to  do  with  it  they  positively

refuse to  tell.   If  the  object  is  akin to the Hillsboro Bachelor

Girls  we're  next.   They meet with Ruby  Baty  next  Thursday  at  7


   Here's to the old maids of Panama

      May their tribe increase

    Their trials and tribulations be few

     May  they  live  long,  oh,  ever  so  long   forever     almost.                                                               


                        Montgomery News

                             Dec. 7, 1906




Valley Drake has been sick with Malaria fever.

Miss Lene Grimm was a Sorento visitor Monday.

John Felkel of Litchfield was here on a visit last week.

Nettie Snow of Joplin, Mo., has been visiting with friends here.

George Graft of St. Louis has been  visiting  here with his brother in

 law William Faude.

Albert Kimball who has been overseeing  a grading outfit at Livingston

for the Frisco is home for the winter.




Mr. Ramsey one of the  bosses  at  Panama  coal mine, and his wife who

have been boarding with R. L. Smith's  for  the  past few months, have

moved to Panama.


                       Montgomery News

                            Dec. 14, 1906




Olla Parewski went to Staunton Wednesday.

George Grimm Jr. went to St. Louis on business Friday.

Miss Noi Otter visited with Miss Lena Grimm Sunday.

A. G. Bingle of Ramsey, Ill., was in our town Thursday.

Miss Florence Ash of Donnellson was a Saturday visitor here.

Mrs. A. Brown and daughter Nellie were Donnellson visitors Sunday.

L.  V. Duncan of Big Muddy, Ill., was  over  to  see  his  uncle  John

Crowder, Wednesday.

A. N. Kerns, one of our  prominent  house  contractors,  finished  the

season's work Wednesday.

G. W. Hirsch of Lexington, Ky., was  here  visiting with his cousin A.

L. Doyle, over Sunday.                                                                  


Annual Coal Report for Year Ending June 1907


   During  the year a coal washery  was  built  and  electric  haulage



Non-fatal accidents:


   On  Dec.  10,  1906,  Charles  Freeman,  aged 26,  married  with  2

children, had his foot mashed by a  falling rail, resulting in 30 days

lost time.


   On Apr. 12, 1907,  David  Strachan,  aged  45, single, had his body

burned by a blown out shot, resulting in 42 days lost time.


   On Apr. 12, 1907, William Deppity, aged  52,  married with 1 child,

had his body burned by  a  blown  out  shot, resulting in 49 days lost



   On Jun. 1, 1907, Mano Domnuco, aged  28,  married  with 2 children,

had his body  burned  by  a  gas  explosion, resulting in 39 days lost



   On Jun. 1, 1907, Anton Pozz, aged  25,  married  with  1 child, had

his body burned by a gas explosion, resulting in 31 days lost time.



      9934 tons of mine run

   132,726  "   "  lump

       946  "   "  egg

      7560  "   "  nut

    61,696  "   "  screening or pea

       954  "   "  slack or waste

   213,816 Total tons

   $175,003 Value

   208,697 tons were loaded on rail cars for shipment.

   1055 tons were sold locally.

   4064 tons were consumed or wasted.

   273 days of operation.

   135,073 tons were mined by hand.

   155 average number of miners.

   75 other employees.

   230 total employees.


                        Montgomery News

                             Jan. 4, 1907




   As we go to press a big bunch of  Panama people are in town, six of

whom are being tried for shooting  about  500 bullet holes in the town

the  day after Christmas.  We cannot give  the  result  of  the  trial

before next week                                  


                       Montgomery News

                            Jan. 11, 1907




   Last Thursday a number of witnesses  were  here attending the trial

of several Panama people who were charged  with an assault with intent

to kill.  The evidence showed that  Dan  Jones,  Arthur Cunningham and

Charles  Cunningham  engaged  in  a  shoot  fest  which  reminded  the

inhabitants of the exhibitions of the Boer War at the world's Fair.

   The young  men  did  not  seem  to  try to kill anyone, they simply

wanted to scare several foreign coal miners  to  death,  and they came

near accomplishing their purpose.  Several  houses  were shot into and

one  of  them was fairly riddled with  bullets,  the  people  in  them

experiencing several narrow escapes from death.

   After the evidence was all in Esq.  Grassel  held Dan Jones to bail

to await the action of the grand  jury,  in the sum of $2000.  The two

Cunninghams were required to give $500  bail  each.   They were unable

to give bail and were sent to jail.

   The case against another defendant, Tom  Curry  was continued until

today, Jan. 11.

   Joseph  Collins,  one of the prosecuting  witnesses  in  the  above

case, was arrested in  Litchfield  on  his  way home, and fined $50 by

Esq. Sam O'Bannon for carrying concealed  weapons.   He  was unable to

pay his fine and was brought to jail.


                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 19, 1907




   On Friday of last week two men were badly burned in an explosion of

gas at the Panama mine.  One of the men was "Dad Deputy" and the other

an old scotch miner whose name we were unable to learn.  The men were

shooting down coal and a "windy shot" set fire to a pocket of gas and

in a second both were knocked to the ground and enveloped in a sheet

of fire.  Both were badly burned but their injuries are not thought to

be fatal.                                                                


                        Montgomery News

                             Aug. 9, 1907




   Mr. Dolan,  contractor  for  the  Shoal  Creek Coal Company, bought

about twenty car loads of lumber from  the  Isaac  Hill lumber company

of this city last week to be used  in building forty houses in Panama,

now in process of construction.  The  houses  will  all  be  completed

this fall and will be occupied  by  the employees of the coal company.

Since the new coal washer was put in  by  the Shoal Creek Co., Panama

has become about the liveliest  place  in Montgomery county.  The mine

is running to its full capacity and  an  immense  amount  of  coal  is

being  taken  out.   The  town  bids  fair  to become one of the  most

important mining centers on the Clover Leaf railroad.







                       Montgomery News

                            Aug. 30, 1907




   The Clover Leaf  railroad  has  acquired  the Chicago and Alton, and

president Theodore Shonts recommends among  other  things the building

of a railroad between Panama and  Litchfield, seven miles, which would

give a shorter route to Kansas City over  the Clover Leaf and the C. &

A. and  save  the  long  delays  at  East St. Louis.  President Shonts

says: "This route will have a distinct  advantage  in  point  of  time

over  the  St.  Louis  gateway,  and  by  hauling the traffic over the

system's own bridge at Louisiana, across  the  Mississippi,  effect  a

large savings for both roads as against present cost to each."

   If this recommendation of president Shonts  is  carried out it will

give Litchfield another important  railroad  and  mean a great deal to

that city.


                       Montgomery News

                            Sept. 20, 1907




Henry W. Carlock, Panama, age 22

Hattie Sloat, Panama, age 18


                           Montgomery News

                            Oct. 25, 1907




   Frank Zfnzetti, Ivory Ash and Fred  Freezeland, all of Panama, were

arrested last week for  hunting  without  a  license and fined $25 and







                       Montgomery News

                            Dec. 27, 1907




John R. Lee, Panama, age 31

Mrs. Mary Steele, Sorento, age 22


Annual Coal Report for Year Ending June 1908




   On Jan. 6, 1908, John Donnellson,  shot  firer,  aged  28, married,

was  killed  by  the  explosion  of  a  blown out shot.  Deceased  was

severely burned by the explosion and died  from  the  effects  10 days

later.  He leaves a widow and 1 child.


   On Mar. 17, 1908, Ad  Jarman  and  George Flanery, shot firers, the

former aged 32 and single, the latter  aged  42,  married,  were  both

killed by an explosion caused by a blown  out shot.  They were found 3

feet from the face of the entry where  the  shot  was  fired,  and had

evidently been suffocated.  Flanery leaves a widow and 2 children.



      7009  tons of mine run

   175,730   "   "  lump

   110,338   "   "  other grades

   293,127 Total tons

   $293,000 Value

   280,320 tons were loaded on rail cars for shipment.

    12,807 tons were used for other purposes.

   212 days of operation.

   240 average number of miners.

   135 other employees.

   375 total employees.

   9763 tons of explosives were used for blasting.

   Coal was blasted from the solid face, not undercut.

   Signals were by pneumatic operated bells.

   There were zero non-fatal accidents.

                        Montgomery News

                             Jan. 3, 1908




   Lester S. Miller and  Mrs.  Luvina  Griffith, of Panama were united

in marriage by Judge John Dryer, on  Thursday  evening  of  last week,

the ceremony being performed at the  office  of the judge in the court





Luther L. O'Neil, Panama, age 22

Barbara Huss, Donnellson, age 16



Lester S. Miller, Panama, age 36

Luvenia Griffith, Panama, age 32


John Jenkins, Panama, age 21

Ruby Baty, Panama, Age 18


                           Montgomery News

                            Jan. 10, 1908




   Jud Dolan of Panama has filed a  bill  for a mechanics lien against

the  Shoal  Creek  Coal  Company.   The  complainant alleges that  the

defendant owes him a balance of $15000  for  work  done  and  material

furnished on forty dwelling houses in the village of Panama.




   John Donaldson  a  shot  firer  in  the  Panama coal mine was badly

burned Monday night by a premature  explosion.   While he is seriously

hurt and burned his injuries will not necessarily prove fatal.



                      Montgomery News

                            Jan. 17, 1908




   John Donaldson, the man who was so  badly burned in the Panama mine

by a premature explosion, died Wednesday morning of this week.             

                           Montgomery News

                            Feb. 14, 1908




William Grimm, Panama, age 20

Amanda M. Cruthis, Sorento, age 18


                       Montgomery News

                            Feb. 28, 1908




   Mattie  Tibbs  wants  a  divorce from  Louis  Tibbs.   She  charges

drunkenness and cruelty.  The complainant lives  at Panama and alleges

she was married to the defendant July  3,  1901.   She charges that he

has threatened to shoot her  and  has  struck, beat and bruised her on

divers occasions, also on the head.


                           Montgomery News

                            Mar. 20, 1908




   Two shot  firers  residing  at  Sorento  but employed in the Panama

mine were caught by a slow shot on  Monday  of this week and both were

instantly killed.






                       Montgomery News

                            Mar. 27, 1908




   Sheriff Bray was asked Wednesday to send  50  deputies to Panama to

settle  trouble  at  the  Panama  coal  mine.  He telephoned down  and

ascertained that the conditions did not  justify putting the county to

that expense.  Ever since the two  shot  firers were killed there last

week the operators have been having trouble  with  the  miners and the

mine has been closed down.  Mr.  Blair,  the president of the company,

thought the matter was very serious, but it  is not as bad as reported

and the  trouble  will  probably  be  adjusted  without the aid of the

sheriff or his deputies.


                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 3, 1908




   Panama, Illinois

   March 30, 1908



   In your issue of last  week  you  spoke of the "trouble reported at

Panama," and, for fear the miners of  Panama will be misunderstood and

misrepresented we wish  to  state  that  there  has been no trouble at

Panama and there will be no trouble as  the strike now on at Panama is

a  peaceable  strike  and  there  has  not  yet been one single act of

violence on the part of the miners.

   There  has  been  no  talk  of  violence and absolutely nothing has

taken place to give anyone an excuse  for  calling  on  the sheriff to

help put down threatened violence on the part of the miners.

   There are 350 men now working in  the  Panama  mine and because the

company  put  on  two  more  shot firers  than were needed, the miners

refused to accept such an arbitrary act  on  the  part  of the company

and they quit work.  For this  a  fine  of ten dollars each was placed

on the miners, which the men agreed to  pay  out  of  their wages, but

contrary to custom and agreement the  mine officials demanded that the

fine be paid in advance before any  coal would be hoisted.  The miners

refused to accept these terms and the fine  was raised to $20 each and

the condition of affairs now remains unchanged.

   The  coal  company  has  a  dozen  armed guards now patrolling their

property day and night and they have  installed  a search light on top

of the coal mine.  All of this has  been done to intimidate the miners

and  to  prejudice  the public against  them.   They  would  have  the

impression  go  out  that  the  coal  miners  are  a  lawless  lot  of

foreigners and will not listen to reason.   The  facts  are the Panama

miners have  stood  for  more  infractions  of  the rules than has any

local union in the state and when a  strike  was  ordered,  it  was  a

peaceable strike.

   We, as miners, wish to state that  no  violence  will  be tolerated

and that for this  reason  no  deputy  sheriffs will be needed to keep

order.  We wish to thank the sheriff of  this  county, M. E. Bray, for

refusing to send deputies to the Panama  mine and for ascertaining the

facts in the case before putting the  county to the expense of sending

deputies to preserve order in  a  district where order already exists.

In  further  truth  that  there has been  no  violence  talked  of  or

contemplated we send you  herewith  a  statement from the business men

of Panama in regard to the threatened violence.


                            A PANAMA MINER


   We,  the  undersigned  business  men  of  the  village  of  Panama,

Illinois, state that we have seen no  violence  on  the  part  of  the

miners  of  Panama,  Illinois,  toward  the  Shoal Creek Coal  Company

officials or their property and there was  no  occasion to send guards

to Panama,  and  we  brand  all  reports  to the contrary as malicious


   J. E. Carlock            J. B. Revelli

   A. M. Mills              Barnie Peruna

   Alex Merideth         Antone Romania

   George Grimm         J. D. Williams

   J. F. Hanskins          F. A. Kalaquin

   Mick Rontenia         Louis Henderson

   W. H. Sisk               M. S. Coleman

   G. P. Rowen            Warren Coleman

   W. W. Mitchell                                                

                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 17, 1908




Joseph Smith, Panama, age 22

Maggie Orris, Panama, age 18


                        Montgomery News

                             May 22, 1908




   F.  E.  Chapman, "Mayor of Panama",  was  a  Hillsboro  visitor  on

Tuesday of this  week.   He  is  farming  on the old Chapman homestead

near Panama and is a justice of  the  peace.   He is enthusiastic over

the great  improvement  in  conditions  at  Panama since that township

went dry.  He says that prior to  the  time  saloons  were  voted out,

Panama would hardly  be  classed  as  a white man's town.  Drunkenness

and disorder was the order of the  day  and  fights  were  continually

taking place.  It was a  continuous  show  and the people got tired of

it and voted the township dry.  Now  Panama is a quiet peaceful little

village with no fights to  liven  up  things and people are prosperous

and happy.

   "I am proud to say that we are  observing the law and Panama is now

a good town where any man can bring  his  family  and  enjoy life.  We

are getting  "dryer"  every  day  and  I believe the sentiment against

saloons will never change down our way."


                           Montgomery News

                            Jun. 12, 1908




   The  Panama  miners  are  now  working  again  after a shut down of

several months, caused by a mix up on the shot firers question.




                       Montgomery News

                            Jun. 26, 1908




   S. Z.  T.  Kessinger,  assessor  of  Grisham township, returned his

books this week.  They show 369 horses  worth  about  $63  a head; 564

cattle worth about $18 a head;  77  mules  worth about $64 a head; 314

sheep, 868 hogs, 220 wagons and carriages,  64  watches and clocks, 90

sewing machines, 12 pianos, 29 organs and 114 dogs.

   The total cash value of all personal  property  in  the township is

given at $138,945.  There is $5425 worth of grain on hand.

   There  are  only  three  personal   assessments   in  the  township

amounting to $5000 or over.  A. T.  Strange, trustee, is assessed with

$10000, Shoal Creek Coal Co. is assessed  for  $9050,  and  the Panama

Bank is caught for  $10800.   J.  S.  Stevens is the largest holder of

personal property outside the above.  He  is  assessed  with  property

valued at  $4085.   William  Boone  comes  next with personal property

valued at $3990.


                           Montgomery News

                             Jul. 3, 1908




   Mike  Dondini,  Peter  Sabolo  and  John  Bruno, three Italian coal

miners of Panama, Ill. and Frank McDole,  city  marshal  at  that  new

mining town learned a heap  of  law  last  week and as we go to press,

Sabolo and Bruno are in jail here  still  learning more about American

laws  and  institutions.   The  three  Italians  sold beer and whiskey

after Grisham township, in which Panama  is  located,  had  been voted

"dry".  Evidence was secured against them  and Sabolo was arrested and

put in jail here.  Bruno and Dondino came  up here to see their fellow

countryman and a warrant was issued  for  their arrest.  They heard of

the  warrant, however after their arrival  here  and  tried  to  dodge

arrest.  They were  assisted  in  their  efforts by city marshal Frank

McDole, and when the dragnet was spread,  McDole  was entangled in it,

And was placed in jail on  a  charge  of  failure to do his duty as an

officer.  His bond was placed at $1500  which  he produced after a few

days in jail.  Dondini entered a  plea  of guilty of selling wet goods

in dry territory and his fine was fixed  at  $225  and a jail sentence

was stayed on his promise of good behavior.

   Panama  has  the reputation of being  about  the  worst  place  for

drunkenness and disorder to  be  found  anywhere and its reputation is

keeping many prospective citizens from locating there.




   Sheriff Bray and State's  Attorney  Hill  made an important capture

at Panama last Thursday.  An information  was  filed  against Peter A.

Sabolio, John Bruno  and  Frank  Kalaquin,  charging them with selling

beer in Panama, which is anti saloon  territory.   The  defendants are

running a butcher shop  at  Panama,  and  it is charged that they have

been selling beer in violation of law ever since the spring election.

   They were  arrested  and  brought  to  Hillsboro Thursday night and

Friday  morning  were arraigned in the  county  court  and  plead  not

guilty.  They were held to for  trial  at the September term of court,

bail being fixed at $300.  Colequin gave  bail  but the other two were

sent to jail until they could furnish bond.

   It is charged that large quantities of  beer  have been shipped from

St.  Louis  to  these  parties.   Their  names indicate that they  are

Italians, and it is strange that these  people who came from a country

where a man  is  sent  to  jail  for  selling a goose or a pig without

first having obtained a license, are so  ready  to violate the laws of

this country!

   Perhaps they think because this is a  "free  country"  they  can do

anything they  please.   It  is  said  that  a farmer living near Witt

caught three or four Italians in  his  potato  patch  recently digging

potatoes.  He demanded of  them  what  right  they had on his premises

digging his potatoes and they replied  that  they  had  been  informed

that this  was  a  "free  country"  and  they thought this gave them a

right to dig potatoes wherever they found them!







                      Montgomery News

                            Aug. 14, 1908




   James McCoy, of  Panama,  passed  away  Monday evening after a long

illness  of cancer.  Mr. McCoy was 53  years  old.   He  was  born  in

Ireland, but came to this country when  two years old.  He has resided

in Panama the last four years. Mr.  McCoy  was  a  miner and prominent

among his fellow workers.

   Besides  his  wife,  four  children  were  left,  Frank  McCoy,  of

Cardiff, Ill.; Mrs.  A.  N.  Kerns,  of Hillsboro; Mrs. Belle Williams

and William McCoy, of Panama.

   The funeral was held at  Panama  Wednesday afternoon and the burial

took place at Oak Grove cemetery in Hillsboro.




   Frank Kalaquin and William McCoy got  into an altercation in Panama

last week and Bill got the worst of  it.  He  swore  out a warrant for

Kalaquin  and  Kalaquin  will  get  his   in  Squire  Grassel's  court



                           Montgomery News

                            Aug. 28, 1908




Ed Paynter, Panama, age 23

Laura Morgan, Panama, age 18


                           Montgomery News

                            Sept. 11, 1908




   A  club  composed  of  Italians,  living  in Panama, has taken  out

articles of incorporation.  The name of the  club  will be the "Panama

Italian Pleasant Hour Club", and the object social enjoyment.

   Although some people seem to think  that  this  club  was organized

for the purpose of  getting  "suds",  in  barrel lots and booze by the

demi john, we understand the rules and  regulations  say no drinker or

gambler will be allowed membership.   As  one member expressed it, "Me

cutta da booze, drinka da lemo only; we  no  have  da  poker, da cards

all tabooed."    "Jack  straws"  "Tiddle de winks"  "Simon says thumbs

up"," and "Ring around arosy" will be  the  only games permitted.  No,

far from it Pauline; this will be a "dry club."


                       Montgomery News

                            Sept. 18, 1908




   Judge  Dryer  united  a couple of  Italians  in  matrimonial  bonds

Saturday morning by means  of  an  interpreter.  Joseph Carnero aged 26

and Gabiela Falletti aged 22 both of Panama  had a yearning to be tied

together by the "American Judge" and as  they spoke no English and the

judge spoke no Italian, an interpreter  was necessary.  When the judge

told them  to  join  hands,  the  interpreter  jabbered a bit and they

raised there hands high in the air.   It  took  the  united efforts of

four men to get them to  hold  hands.  After talking and expostulating

for fifteen or twenty minutes, the  judge  finally  got  disgusted and

told them they were married  and  to  get  out.  The last seen of them

they were going down the street all  three  talking  a blue streak and

Judge Dryer is wondering if they  were  complimenting him on his short

ceremony or giving him fits for charging for his services.


                           Montgomery News

                             Oct. 2, 1908




Agustin Coonly, Panama, age 33

Josefin Truppai, Panama, age 18





                       Montgomery News

                            Oct. 16, 1908




   Last  Friday  the  sheriff's  office  was  besieged by a number  of

Italians   friends of the two arrested  at  Panama for selling booze 

who were trying to get the men out  on bond.  After a futile effort to

convince the sheriff their word was good,  they left ostensibly to get

the  cash.   Monday  contrary  to  all  expectations, they came around

again and this time they had the money,  and the two men, John Reville

and Barney Chiolero, were released on  bond.  After shaking hands with

everyone who would shake, they left on  the  morning car for Litchfield

and  from  their  talk,  it  is  presumed that they celebrated  before

returning home.


                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 27, 1908




   The Panama public school opened  last  week  with D. F. Neathery as

principal.  The new school building has  four  rooms  with  a prospect

that others will have to be added next year.


                           Montgomery News

                            Dec. 11, 1908




   Steve  Zirka was killed by the  accidental  discharge  of  his  gun

Wednesday of last  week  about  two  miles north of Greenville.  Zirka

was a Hungarian coal miner and was  driving  with  a  party of friends

from Panama to Greenville.  He  was  on  the back seat of the carriage

holding  his  gun  between  his  knees   when   it   was  accidentally

discharged.   He  received  the  entire  load  in his breast and  died




Annual Coal Report for Year Ending June 1909




   On Jan. 9, 1909, Eugene Concello, a  miner  aged  38, married, went

in to recover his tools from his  room  and was caught under a fall of

roof while he was returning and was  killed  instantly.   He  leaves a

widow and 5 children.


   On Apr. 26, 1909,  Earna  Drake,  a  trapper, aged 17, stepped from

his  refuge  hole  after  the  motor trip  had  gone  through,  as  he

supposed,  but  it  happened  that  the  trip  had broken in two.  The

momentum of the trailing part brought  it  crashing  through  the door

which the boy had closed.  Standing on the  other side of the door, he

did not see it coming and was  knocked  down and killed instantly.  He

was single and lived in Sorento.




   On Jul. 2, 1908, Steve Szabo, aged  29, married with 5 children had

his hip injured by a pit car, resulting in 182 days lost time.


   On Jul. 22, 1908, Calvin Jones, aged  57,  married  with one child,

had his shoulder injured by falling  slate,  resulting in 80 days lost



   On Jul. 30, 1908, Albert Boldt, aged  41,  married with 3 children,

had his head and ankle injured by  falling coal, resulting in 103 days

lost time.


   On Aug. 15, 1908, James Menoffe, aged  28,  single,  had  his  head

injured by falling coal, resulting in 30 days lost time.


   On Dec. 24, 1908, Charles  Bernetti,  aged  38, single, had his arm

broken by falling coal, resulting in 123 days lost time.


   On  Jan.  20, 1909, Enock Casis, aged  20,  single,  had  his  body

injured by a pit car, resulting in 91 days lost time.


   On Mar. 17, 1909, John  Cholou,  aged  26, married with 2 children,

had his body injured by a shot explosion.


   On Mar. 17, 1909, Dominic Mondina, aged  30,  single,  had his body

injured by a shot explosion.


   On Apr. 2, 1909, Alex Jakes,  aged  26, single, had his body burned

by a powder explosion, resulting in 30 days lost time.


   On  May  20,  1909,  Henry  Louderman,  aged  54,  married  with  5

children, had his head injured by falling rock.


   On Jun. 17, 1909, Joe  Mauniry,  aged  37, married with 4 children,

had his body burned by a powder explosion.



      1271 tons of mine run

   183,319  "   "  lump

   182,064  "   "  other grades

   366,554 Total tons

   $357,715 value

   356,181 tons were loaded on rail cars for shipment.

    10,373 tons were used for other purposes.

   197 days of operation.

   288 average number of miners.

   131 other employees.

   419 total employees.

   314,966 tons mined by hand.


                       Montgomery News

                            Jan. 15, 1909




   Eugene Cocello, an Italian  miner  working  in the Panama mine, was

killed last Saturday by falling slate.  He  was about 34 years of age,

and  he  leaves,  a  wife  and  five  children in Italy.  His body was

buried in Donnellson last Sunday.  Cocello was  about to quit work and

had started out of the mine,  as  the  men he was working with decided

the roof was unsafe.  Cocello went  back  after his sledgehammer which

he had left in the room, and while  there  the roof fell in and he was

killed  instantly.   Coroner  Gray  held an  inquest  Saturday  and  a

verdict was rendered in accordance with the facts.


                      Montgomery News

                            Feb. 19, 1909




   Will McCoy of Panama and Miss  Lizzie  McDoell  of  Hillsboro, were

united in marriage at St. Louis on  Wednesday of this week.  The bride

is a sister of Mrs. A. N. Kearnes  of  this  city  and has been making

her home with her.  The groom is a miner employed in the Panama mine.




Lonnie Carlock, Panama, age 23

Mabel Baker, Panama, age 20


                           Montgomery News

                             Apr. 9, 1909




   Sheriff Brown, Deputy Hubbard and  Constable  Palmer of Greenville,

visited Panama Thursday of last  week,  armed with thirty warrants for

the arrest of that many members of  the  "Happy  Home  Club"  of  that

town.  They found the  club  room  fitted  up in the regulation saloon

style, with a bar about 25 feet long,  well  stocked with all kinds of

liquors, and  about  fifty  of  the  members keeping the cash register

clicking while they drank their booze.   Joe  Faletti,  Barney Peruna,

Joe  Monti  and  Dominick  Castontino  were  arrested and  brought  to

Greenville and locked up in jail.   Officers  are  now  chasing  other

sons of sunny Italy, and  as  the  club contained a membership of 336,

business in the justice courts promises to  be  good  for  some  time.

Those arrested will be  given  a  hearing  before Squire Matney at two

o'clock this afternoon.  The saloon was run  under  the  name  of  the

"Happy Home Club" and  a  government  license has been obtained, which

protects the members from government prosecution.

   The store room where they kept large  quantities of liquor is on the

Bond county side.  The bar room is  divided  about  half  and half and

the refrigerator and more than half of the  bar are on the Bond county

side of the line.

   It is said that they  have  been  selling only to Italians but that

an American could get liquor there by  being accompanied by an Italian

and having the latter pay for the booze.


                         Montgomery News

                            Apr. 23, 1909




   Burglars cracked the safe of F. P.  Blair  &  Co.'s  bank at Panama

last Saturday morning  and  made  their  escape  with $800 in cash and

$800 worth of stamps.

   W. W. Mitchell and wife, who live  across the street from the bank,

heard the robbers break in the front  window  of  the  bank and opened

fire on them.  The robbers returned the fire  and for a time a regular

fusillade  was  kept  up  between  the  Mitchells  and  the  burglars.

Finally the Mitchells ran out of  ammunition  and had to cease firing.

They fired about twenty shots and the  burglars  shot  about  a  dozen

times.  After the ammunition was exhausted  Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell went

after more, but when they returned the  bank  had  been robbed and the

burglars had made good their escape.

   The  Mitchells went out and tried to  arouse  the  town.   But  the

town, strange to say,  refused  to  be aroused!  They thought somebody

was trying to play a joke on them,  and  Mr.  and Mrs. Mitchell became

disgusted and went back home  and  went  to bed.  It was seven o'clock

before the people realized that the bank  had  really been robbed, and

by that time the robbers were many miles away.

   The people of Panama are so used to  having the town "shot up" that

the fusillade between Mr. and Mrs.  Mitchell and the robbers attracted

no attention!





                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 30, 1909




   Erbie Drake a twenty two year old  young man employed as trapper in

the  Panama  mine  was killed shortly  after  one  o'clock  on  Monday

afternoon of this  week.   No  one  witnessed  the accident and no one

knows  just  what  caused  the  boys  death.   From  the  surroundings

however, it is supposed that an empty coal  car broke loose at the top

of a hill in the main entry and  ran  back,  striking  the  door where

Drake acted as trapper, and  when  the  door was thrown violently open

by the impact with the runaway car, it  struck  Drake  on the head, he

being on the  opposite  side  of  the  door and death resulted shortly


   Coroner Gray was notified and an inquest  was held Monday, the jury

being composed of Max Von Brunn,  Herbert  Kessinger,  Alex  Meredith,

William  F.  Grimm,  Arch  Grisham  and  F. McDole, after hearing  the

evidence the jury returned a verdict to  the effect that Drake met his

death by accident, due to  the  negligence  of the management of Shoal

Creek Mining Company for not keeping sufficient signals and lights.




   Last Friday a party  of  Italians  drove  up from Panama to witness

the marriage of Secondo Chiolero and  Miss  Mary  Bergandi.  The groom

wore an immense bouquet on  the  lapel  of  his coat and looked like he

might be a lineal descendant of some  Etruscan  nobleman  who  owned a

villa at Tivoli at the time  Rome  sat  upon her seven hills and ruled

the  world.   The  bride  was arrayed in  a  long  white  veil  and  a

trousseau that rivaled the hues of the rainbow.

   While  on their journey to the  county  seat  through  Grisham  and

Hillsboro townships, the  descendants  of  Caesar amused themselves by

shooting holes in the contiguous atmosphere.   The people living along

the road  thought  grim  visaged  war  had  broken loose and they took

refuge  in the smoke houses and  cellars.   After  the  cavalcade  had

passed they ventured forth and telephoned to  sheriff Bray that a band

of  armed Dagoes were advancing on  Hillsboro.   But  when  the  party

arrived at the county seat they were  as  peaceable and quiet as a band

of Tuscan maidens, and not a gun was  in  sight.   By  the  aid  of an

interpreter, Judge  Dryer  succeeded  in  getting  Secondo and Mary to

join hands, although Secondo insisted upon  raising  his right hand as

if he wanted  to  be  sworn.   After  they were pronounced husband and

wife and the assembled maids and  matrons  and stalwart descendants of

Cataline had offered their congratulations,  the  Sheriff began to get

busy.   He  went  through  the  pockets  of  the  men  and  found  six

revolvers,  a  pair  of   knucks   and   a  hat  full  of  cartridges.

Informations were filed against Louis  Velli,  Jim  Fronterro,  Quinto

Chiolero, Pete Rolfo, Pit  Calvetti  and  Secondo Chiolera, the groom,

charging them with carrying concealed weapons,  and  they were hustled

off  to  jail.   Then  ensued  a  scene that beggars description.  The

prisoners swore in six macaronic dialects  and spit spaghetti all over

the surrounding landscape.

   Later they were brought before Judge Dryer  and each was fined $100

and costs with a stay  of  execution  on  $50 of each fine during good

behavior.  But while the prisoners were long  on  guns they were short

of cash.  But they finally chipped  in  and paid the bridegroom's fine

and  he  at  once flew to the arms  of  his  weeping  bride  and  they

departed for Panama  for  their  honeymoon.   The balance of the bunch

went back to jail, but on Wednesday  their friends came up from Panama

and paid  the  fines  and  costs,  amounting  to $384.60 and they were



                           Montgomery News

                             May 7, 1909




   Before  adjourning last week the grand  jury  returned  over  forty

indictments,  as  stated  in  last  week's  News  but we were not then

permitted to publish the names of  those  indicted  as  bench warrants

had not been  issued  and  the  defendants  had not been arrested.  We

give  below the indictments as found and  the  orders  taken  in  each


   John  Williams,  selling liquor in  Grisham  township  in  December

1908, and in January, February and March  1909.  There are four counts

against him, and the names of 61  witnesses  are  endorsed on the back

of the indictment!  This is one of the Panama cases.

   John Williams is indicted for keeping  a  disorderly  house "to the

encouragement of idleness, gambling,  drinking  etc."  This is another

Panama case.  The names of 50 or  60  witnesses  are  endorsed  on the


   Barney  Chiolero is indicted for selling  liquor  to  minors.   The

names of William Smith,  William  Hamby,  J.  W. Smith and Emory Brown

are endorsed on the indictment.

   John Williams, selling  liquor  to  minors.  Witnesses: Vern Smith,

Emery Brown, Phillip Debean, Albert Plaqua,  J.  W.  Smith  and Carrie


   Joe Falletti, Joe Mote, John Revelli, Barney  Chiolero  and  Barney

Peruna were indicted for keeping a  disorderly house.  This is another

Panama case.                                                                     


                        Montgomery News

                             May 14, 1909




   Judge Paul McWilliams came over  from  Litchfield Saturday and held

a short session of court, making the following orders:

   John  Williams  of  Panama  plead  guilty   to  selling  liquor  in

anti saloon territory and was fined $100.

   Barney Peruna, also of Panama plead  guilty to keeping a disorderly

house and was fined $100.




Ezra Carlock, Panama, age 21

Bessie Attebury, Walshville, age 18


                           Montgomery News

                            Jun. 18, 1909




   August Chermetto, committed  because  he  failed  to pay a judgment

for $400 for bastardy.  He is from Panama.


                       Montgomery News

                            Jul. 16, 1909




   Mrs. Dominica Falletti and son  Joseph  Falletti, Jr. two residents

of Panama, this county, were burned to  death  by an explosion of coal

oil or gasoline on Tuesday of this week.

   The cause of the accident will never  be  known  as  the mother and

son were in  the  house  alone  when  the explosion took place.  It is

surmised, that the mother was cleaning a  bed  with  gasoline  and the

house  was  filled  with  gasoline  vapor  which became ignited from a

match in the hands of the boy  and  his mother was evidently saturated

with the burning oil and they were  terribly burned from head to foot,

the entire body of Mrs. Falletti being  burned  with  the exception of

her head which was protected by her hair.   She died at 6 o'clock P.M.

on Tuesday, the day of the accident, and  the boy died at 12:30 on the

following day.

   A coroner's inquest was held on  Wednesday, the jury being composed

of J. D. Williams, E.  A.  Murray,  Louis Henderson, Jud Dolan, Dr. I.

O. Wilcox and F. McDole.

   The  accident  occurred  at  one  o'clock Tuesday afternoon.   John

Payne, who lived close to the scene  of the accident testified that he

heard an explosion, then heard a woman's  screams and rushing into the

street  he  saw Mrs. Falletti with her  clothing  in  flames,  in  the

street, endeavoring to  tear  the  burning  clothing from her body.  He

rushed to her aid but could do  nothing  and finally secured a blanket

and  extinguished  the  blaze.   The  fire  had burned her  so  badly,

however, there was no hope of saving her life.

   Mrs. Falletti  ran  out  of  the  front  door of her home after the

explosion and the boy ran out the  back door, both with their clothing

ablaze.  Neighbors rushed to both and in  putting out the flames which

were burning the boy, one man's hand was badly blistered.

   The  unfortunate  victims  were  Italian  and  could  speak  little

English.  The husband and father of the  victims  is  employed  in the

Panama coal mine






   The following new cases have been begun  in  the circuit court this

week, for the November term:

   Mary Casconcelli vs Shoal Creek Coal company.   This  is a suit for

$5000 damages, and grows out of  the  death of Eugene Casconcelli, the

plaintiff's  husband  as  a result of  injuries  he  received  in  the

defendants mine at Panama, Jan.  9,  1909.  The plaintiff charges that

the defendant company neglected to furnish  sufficient  props  for the

roof of it's mine, and as a result  a large quanity of slate, dirt and

rock fell on the plaintiff's husband and killed him.


                        Montgomery News

                             Aug. 6, 1909




   James Orvil Simpson, a young  man,  aged  about 27 years was struck

by lightning and instantly killed, on  Friday  afternoon of last week,

while he was at work on the reservoir  which is being built at Panama,

this county.

   Another workman was  knocked  unconscious  and  the shoes were torn

from his feet, and for a time it  was  believed  he  was  dead, but he

finally recovered after medical aid had been summoned.

   The deceased was a farmer and a son  of James Simpson, a well known

resident of the southern part of the county.

   He was born near Walshville, Oct. 12,  1882.   He  was  married  to

Miss Cora Beck  June  8,  1903.   She  died last December.  There were

three children born, Hazel, Ruth and  Clarence.   The latter died when

he  was  three  months  old.   The  other  two are still living.   The

funeral  services were held at the  family  residence  Sunday  at  ten

o'clock, Rev. Gordon of  Litchfield  officiating.  Interment at Hart's








                       Montgomery News

                            Sept. 24, 1909




   Amy Manning has sued the Shoal  Creek  Coal Co., which operates the

Panama mine, for $10,000 damages for the  loss  of  her  husband.  Mr.

Manning  was  injured  by  a  gas   explosion  while  working  in  the

defendants mine last spring.  It is  claimed that the injuries finally

caused his death.




Joseph Payne, De Moines, Ia., age 23

Ella M. Robinson, Panama, age 17

                       Montgomery News

                            Oct. 22, 1909




   Fred Freezeland has sued the Shoal Creek  Coal  Co. for $3000.  The

suit is an action for damages  growing  out of an injury the plaintiff

claims to have received while working in  the defendant's coal mine at

Panama, July 23, 1909.  The plaintiff,  who  is under age and who sues

by Jacob M. Freezeland, his father and  next  friend,  was a driver in

said mine.  He claims the rails, over  which the cars loaded with coal

were driven, were loose and out of repair  at  a  certain point on the

track, and that as a  result  a  car  was thrown off the track and the

plaintiff's right foot was caught under  it,  crushing and mangling it

and making the plaintiff a permanent cripple.


   John Drake, admr. of the  estate  of  Erb Drake, deceased, sues the

Shoal Creek Coal Co. for $10,000.  The suit  grows out of the death of

Erb Drake which occurred April  26,  1909.   The deceased was a trapper

working  in  the said mine, whose duty it  was  to  open  and  shut  a

certain door to let the cars of  coal through.  These cars were hauled

by an electric motor, and on the date  of the accident one of the cars

broke loose  from  the  others,  and  after  the boy let the first car

through  and closed the door the detached  car  struck  the  door  and

injured the boy so that  he  died  in about four hours.  The plaintiff

claims the company was guilty in not  making  the  cars secure so they

would not become detached.


                           Montgomery News

                            Oct. 29, 1909




John Beryyok, Panama, age 27

Miss Helen Dominick, Panama, age 17


                        Montgomery News

                             Dec. 3, 1909




   Henry Edward Herman, a 13 year old  boy of Panama, was brought into

court last Friday charged with stabbing  another boy, and was released

"on probation."  M. E. Bray was  appointed  probation  officer and the

boy was sent home.  He  is  required  to write to the State's Attorney

every Saturday.  It is understood that he  will  not  be  disturbed as

long as he is good


                           Montgomery News

                            Dec. 10, 1909




James Monge, Panama, age 27

Anna Bussone, Panama, age 39


                       Montgomery News

                            Dec. 24, 1909




   The case of the village of Panama vs  O. S. Peterson was decided in

favor of the defendant.  Peterson took  orders for groceries in Panama

and then made deliveries several days  afterwards.   He  was  arrested

and fined for peddling.  He took  an  appeal and Judge McBride decided

he was not a "peddler" within the meaning of the ordinance.


Annual Coal Report for Year Ending June 1910


   The Shoal Creek Coal Co. at Panama  has  installed  a pair of first

motion hoisting engines  and  two  new  boilers  at its #1 mine.  This

company is contemplating sinking a new shaft  in  the  center  of  its

17,000 acres coal rights,  but  have  been  waiting for the opinion of

the state inspector as to what constitutes  a  fire proof shaft.  This

mine is now what is considered a machine mine.




   On  Aug.  14,  1909,  Herman  Newbaum,  machine  helper,  aged  30,

married, was killed by a fall of  slate  while  the machine runner was

undercutting the coal at  the  face  of  his working place.  This room

had a foot of slate, following each cut,  that stuck to the roof after

the coal had been shot down.  This  slate  was shot down by the miners

after the coal had been loaded out.  In  this  case,  a piece of slate

hanging  over  the  face  of  coal,  fell  with the above result.  The

deceased was a German and leaves a widow and one child.


   On  Mar.  29,  1910, Battista Deparil,  machine  runner,  aged  40,

married, was instantly killed by  a  fall  of  coal at the face of his

room,  where  he  was undercutting.  Deceased  leaves  a  wife  and  4




    38,638 tons of mine run

   202,007  "   "  lump

   188,580  "   "  other grades

   429,270 Total

   $463,410 Value

   315,831 tons loaded on rail cars for shipment.

   113,439 used for other purposes.

   222 days of operation.

   52 average number of miners.

   381 other employees.

   433 Total employees.

   44,712 tons mined by hand.

   Blasting from solid and undercut face.

   6645 kegs of powder used.



    18 drivers         4 shot firers

     1 cager           8 timbermen

    10 laborers       12 trackmen

   212 loaders         9 trappers

    36 machinemen     52 miners


                       Montgomery News

                            Jan. 28, 1910




   John O'Brien, a  young  man  apparently  about thirty years of age,

was arrested in Bloomington last week on  a  charge  of  vagrancy.  He

told the officers there he was  wanted  in Hillsboro for breaking into

the  Panama  bank  several  months  ago,  and  sheriff  Bray  went  to

Bloomington and brought the prisoner here.

   The young man told all about the  bank  robbery  and stated that he

had a confederate with him at the time.

   After  O'Brien  was  lodged  in jail  he  announced  to  the  other

prisoners  that  he  expected  to  go  crazy on Sunday morning.   When

Sunday came he changed his mind, however,  and  concluded  to  put off

his crazy attack until the following  morning.  Turnkey Eddie Marshall

had been told what to expect and  was  not  greatly  surprised when he

visited the  jail  on  Monday  morning  and  found the bank robber was

apparently as crazy as a loon.  He had  smashed  a  bucket  and  a pan

which were  in  his  cell  and  was  as  ferocious as a wild man.  Mr.

Marshall warned the robber that something would  happen  to  him if he

didn't recover and O'Brien  is  apparently  much  improved as we go to


   It is believed  the  fellow  is  really  a little "off in the upper

story" and probably imagines the story about  the  robbery,  as he can

accomplish nothing by feigning  insanity  and  in as much as he made a

voluntary confession of his connection with  the  robbery  at  Panama.

He now maintains a  sullen  silence  and  sits  on the cot in his cell

staring into space and refuses to look at or speak to anyone.




Toni Marcolano, Panama, age 28

Anelita Amedci, Panama, age 24


                         Montgomery News

                            Feb. 25, 1910



   The roads have been almost impassable on account of snow drifts.

   Mrs. W. W. Mitchel and Miss Orinda  Killifer  were  shopping in St.

Louis Wednesday.

   Mrs.  William  Sloat who has been  quite  ill  with  pneumonia,  is

reported rapidly recovering.

   The school is progressing nicely  after  various  interruptions  in

the way of sickness.

   Alfred  Desborough  made a business trip  to  St.  Louis  Saturday,

returning Tuesday.

   We understand S. M. Kessinger has made  a new patent churn, using a

lard can for the churn and fixing it in  a frame to turn with a crank.

 It brings the butter in a few minutes.

   The revival meeting at William's Hall  which  has been going on for

the last two weeks, will continue a  few  nights  this  week.   It  is

being held by Evangelist Arthur  Zepp  of  Ohio, assisted by Rev. Dunn

and several members of the Donnellson  Methodist  church.  It is hoped

this will be the cause of much good  work in a religious way in Panama

which is sadly needed.

   Dr. I. O. Wilcox was called  to  St.  Louis last week to be present

at an operation performed on his  father.   Mr. Wilcox never recovered

from the operation,  but  died  the  second  day.  Dr. Wilcox and wife

attended  the  funeral  which  was held  at  Shadick.   Dr.  Carey  of

Donnellson is attending his patients during his absence.

   Dr. F. M. White who was born and  raised  north  of  Panama  on the

Wess  Compton  farm  has  returned  to  his old stamping ground  after

practicing his profession for the last  twenty  years in Colorado, and

opened his office at S. B. Compton's  residence, where he is now ready

to  receive  any  and  all  callers.   Dr.  White's  popularity  as  a

physician  will  give  him  his  share  of  the business, and his many

friends are confident of his success.


                        Montgomery News

                             Mar. 4, 1910




   John  Kirchner  has  sued  the  Shoal  Creek Coal Co.,  laying  his

damages at $2000.  The plaintiff was a  mule driver in the defendant's

mine  and  was  injured  while  at  work.   His foot was run over  and

crushed by a car owing, he claims, to a defective track, etc.


                        Montgomery News

                            Mar. 11, 1910




William F. Freizland, Panama, age 20

Matilda S. Fandiz, age 18


                       Montgomery News

                            Mar. 18, 1910




   Mrs.  Lee Woods and Mrs. Oliver  Coyle  were  shopping  in  Sorento


   Mrs.  James  Hancock  was  called to  Litchfield  Thursday  by  the

serious illness of her aunt, Mrs. John A. Barlow.

   Daniel Jones moved on Carey Cunningham's  farm  south  of  town one

day last week.

   James  Simpson and daughter Lela of  near  Walshville  took  dinner

with Charles Ward and family Saturday.

   The little son of Mr. and Mrs.  Walter  Havron  who  has been quite

ill with pneumonia fever is improving.

   Sunday School was organized here Sunday  and teachers appointed and

classes arranged.  It  will  be  held  in  the old school house in the

north end of town.

   Sie Greenwaldt was in these parts  Sunday.   He says he is going to

Alton Wednesday to work on the big  paper  factory which will be built

there this summer.                                                                    


                       Montgomery News

                            Mar. 25, 1910




   John Kish moved to Sorento last week.

   W. W. Mitchell and family were Sorento visitors Sunday.

   Charles Ward is attending court at  Greenville  this  week,  on the

grand jury.

   Charles Kessinger was in town Monday of this week.

   Mr. A. Mills, our postmaster,  has  bought  a farm 2 miles north of

New Douglas.  It contains 72 acres.  He  bought  it at $35.00 per acre

and has the coal  option  at  $15.00.   We  think he has found a great

bargain for the price paid.

   Quite a merry crowd gathered  at  Mrs. William Sanderson's Thursday

March 17, by special invitation to a  carpet rag tacking.  Among those

present  were  Mrs.  Ola  Cannon  and  daughter, Aida of Coffeen, Mrs.

Wesley Drake and Mother in law of Sorento,  Mrs.  Arthur  Caulk,  Mrs.

Artie Philips,  Mrs.  Daniel  Compton  and  Mrs. Leni Philips, Iva and

Elva Caulk.  The day was spent very  pleasantly as well as profitably,

there was about 20 lbs. of rags tacked.


                           Montgomery News

                             Apr. 1, 1910




   All the coal mines in Illinois  closed  down  Thursday night, March

31, and will remain closed for an  indefinite period.  The miners have

demanded an increase in wages and  also  demanded  that  the operators

bear  the  shot  firers  expense.   The  minimum time of inactivity is

placed at 30 days, when it is  expected  that the miners and operators

will come to some sort  of  an  agreement.  Sixty thousand miners will

be idle the next thirty days at  least.   The  joint  committee of the

Illinois miners and operators will meet in Chicago next Monday.




   Battisti Depauli, a miner in  the   Panama   mine,   was  instantly

killed last Monday by a fall of slate  and rock.  It is estimated that

about three car loads of coal and  other  material  fell  on  him.  He

leaves  a  wife  and  family.   A  coroner's  jury consisting of W. W.

Mitchell, Dr. J. O. Wilcox and John  Kenney  was empaneled and found a

verdict in accordance with the facts.


                           Montgomery News

                             Apr. 8, 1910




Frank Donatt, Panama, age 26

Stella Dizaba, Panama, age 19



                       Montgomery News

                             Jun. 3, 1910




   Mr. and Mrs. Graybrook were Sorento callers Saturday.

   The  high  waters  did  the  farmers  considerable damage  in  this

vicinity recently.

   The little granddaughters  of  S.  H.  Slagle, Misses Mae and Irene

Pope are out from East St. Louis on a visit.

   Quite  a  number  from  here  attended  the memorial  exercises  at

Sorento Monday.

   Mrs. I. O. Wilcox is visiting home folks.

   Mr. and Mrs. Charles McReaken, daughter  Ruth  and  Earl Vogel were

in Sorento Monday.

   Dr. and Mrs. Chittim were visitors at  Mr.  and  Mrs. Mitchell last


   Chalmer Osborne of near Walshville spent  Saturday night and Sunday

at William Sanderson's.

   Three  of  the  Panama school teachers  have  been  re employed  as

follows: Mrs. William P. Hampton,  Sorento,  principal, salary $75 and

teacher of room 4; Miss Baker, of  Greenville,  teacher  of room 3, at

$50, and Miss Maewise, of Greenville, teacher  of room 2.  The primary

teacher and janitor are unemployed as yet.

   Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Greene drove through Panama Tuesday.                                                                      


                      Montgomery News

                            Jun. 10, 1910




   Rev.  Sparks and wife will hold  services  in  their  private  car,

which is here on  the  side  track,  Friday afternoon for the children

and  in  the  evening everyone will  be  welcome.   These  people  are

traveling over the country preaching  the  Baptist gospel and are also

taking up a collection.


                      Montgomery News

                            Jun. 17, 1910




   J. Earl Major of this city  was  employed this week as attorney for

the  village  of  Panama.  The authorities  there  certainly  made  no

mistake in securing  Mr.  Major,  as  he  is one of the most promising

young attorneys and is capable and thoroughly qualified.


                           Montgomery News

                            Jun. 17, 1910




   Lightning struck the  barn  of  John  Dunn  1/2 mile east of Panama

last Monday afternoon setting fire to it  and  the  fire  finished the

work of destruction.  A horse worth over  $200 and 100 bushels of corn

and some hay were also burned.  Another  horse  and  two  cows were in

the barn at the time the lightning  struck, but they managed to escape

into an adjoining pasture and were saved.

   The coal mine here is working steadily every day.

   One of the men employed as foreman  at the coal washer is suffering

from an attack of small pox.


                        Montgomery News

                             Jul. 8, 1910




   August  Guglia  of  Panama was arrested  for  assault  and  battery

Tuesday  evening  and  brought  to  Hillsboro  before Judge Dryer, who

fixed his bond at $100, which Guglia  gave  and  returned to his home.

Some of his neighbors  accused  him  of  kicking and beating his wife,

but he and his daughter deny the  charge.   Mr.  Guglia  runs  the ice

business at Panama.




   On Wednesday  evening  of  this  week  United States Marshall O. G.

Addleman,  of  Springfield,  came to Hillsboro  and  in  company  with

Deputy Sheriff M.  T.  Kiggins,  drove  to Panama, where they arrested

Albert Mattozo and William Spandoni, two  Italian  coal  miners,  on a

charge of disposing of counterfeit $5  and  $2 bills.  Peter Serini, a

Frenchman,  of  Panama,  was arrested  at  Edwardsville  on  Wednesday

morning.   One  of  the  parties  arrested  confessed  his  guilt  and

implicated other parties, who will be  placed  under  arrest  within a

few hours.

   The men have been scattering counterfeit  bills  along the towns on

the Clover Leaf railroad for several  weeks, the bills being excellent

imitations  and  very hard to detect  as  being  counterfeit.   It  is

believed the money was  made  in  Chicago,  as Mattozo has been making

frequent trips to that city for several  months.  When he was arrested

$224 was found in his pockets.  Spandoni  had  only $5 with him at the

time of his arrest.

   U.  S.  Marshall  Adden  paid   Deputy   Sheriff  Kiggins  quite  a

compliment in telling of the arrest, saying:  "It  is not often that I

meet such men  as  Mike  Kiggins  in  following my work.  He is quiet,

unassuming and apparently is devoid of fear  when handling such men as

we  arrested  at  Panama.   His  coolness   in  making  an  arrest  is

remarkable and does more to unnerve  a  prisoner  than  anything else.

The public as a rule  does  not  appreciate the dangerous character of

this class of foreigners who are flocking  to our shores, many of them

coming to escape punishment for crimes committed at home."

   The  prisoners  were  taken to  Springfield  Thursday  morning  for



                           Montgomery News

                            Jul. 15, 1910




   Anton  Newcaroski,  a  coal  miner  of   Taylor  Springs,  came  to

Hillsboro last Friday morning  carrying  a  revolver in his hip pocket.

The day being very warm Anton removed  his  coat  and the revolver was

detected by Deputy  Sheriff  Ed  Marshall,  who  asked Anton if he was

carrying a pistol.

   Anton answered in the affirmative  and  as  he did so city marshall

Albert Campbell placed him under arrest, took  his  gun  and  led  him

like a lamb to the slaughter house  to  the office of Esq. Rowe, where

he plead guilty and was fined $25 and  costs.   He  refused to pay the

fine and was placed  in  the  county  jail,  but his stay there was of

short duration, as a friend appeared, paid  his  fine  and  Anton  was


   The  unfortunate  miner is an Italian  and  can  speak  but  little

English.  He is like many  of  the  foreigners who come to our country

and believe they can do as they please, as this is a "free country."

   Anton insisted he  was  carrying  the  gun for self protection only

and did not mean harm, but this did not  excuse him in the eyes of the

law.  The medicine administered him by Esq.  Rowe was hard to swallow,

but it will probably do Anton's system a  great  deal of good, and may

have a tendency  to  help  the  rest  of the foreign element at Taylor





   Anton  Newcaroski, another foreigner, was  arrested  at  Panama  on

Thursday of last week by Deputy  Sheriff  Kiggins, and he is now being

held with two companions who were  arrested  last  Wednesday,  who are

charged with passing counterfeit money.  The  arrest of Newcaroski was

made by Mr. Kiggins, aided by  Charles Johnson, of Litchfield, another


   It  is very difficult to secure  information  against  any  of  the

foreign element found in mining centers  because all of the foreigners

are in sympathy with their countrymen, and  will  aid  them  in  every

possible manner.  As soon  as  an  officer  appears in town and making

inquiries about a certain foreigner, friends of  the man waste no time

in telling him  to  disappear  and  aid  him all they can.  The larger

percent of these foreigners speak no  English  and  when  any  trouble

starts they all claim ignorance of the  language and our officers must

depend on an interpreter, and in many  cases these interpreters are in

league with the law breakers and  they  only lend their aid in evading

the law.

   The men arrested  at  Panama  are  not counterfeiters, as they know

nothing about the work.  They are, however,  the  tools of men who are

experts in the business.

   The  secret  service men have traced  the  bogus  money  which  the

Panama  foreigners  were  passing  back  to  an eastern city, and they

believe they have secured information which  will  eventually  lead to

the discovery of the  "plant"  where  the money is being manufactured,

and will finally capture the men who are making it.

   The foreigners arrested  claim  they  were  never in trouble before

and they realize their predicament and  are  turning  state's evidence

against the men who got them into  trouble.  All of them, however, are

in mortal terror of being killed by  the "black hand" society, as they

were all sworn  to  secrecy  by  the  agent from whom they secured the


   The story told by these  men,  as  near  as can be secured, is that

they first came to this country in search  of  work but found the coal

mines  closed.   They  were  hard  run  for  money and when they  were

approached by one of their countrymen who  offered  to  let  them  get

rich easily and quickly by "shoving  the queer," they immediately fell

victims to his arguments.  The man who  had given them the bogus bills

travels for a certain wholesale  house  in  the East, but his position

with this house is but a blind, as  his  real business is disposing of

bad money.   He  approaches  only  ignorant  foreigners and shows them

good money, which he claims is bogus,  and  he  takes them to business

houses, generally saloons,  and  buys  drinks  or merchandise with his

money,  and  of  course his bills are  never  rejected,  as  they  are

genuine.  In this  manner  he  impresses  his companions with the easy

manner in which he lives and they  fall  to  his proposition without a

great deal of argument.  He then leaves  with  them or sends to them a

bunch of bogus bills, which are  excellent  imitations, and which only

an expert can detect as being bad money,  and the foreigners pay him a

percent of the amount sent him.

   When  the  discovery  is  made  that   the  bogus  money  is  being

circulated, the ignorant foreigner who "pushes  the  queer"  is easily

detected and sent to the penitentiary  while  it is next to impossible

for the federal authorities to secure  evidence which will enable them

to detect the real culprits.

   Before deputy sheriff M. T. Kiggins  could locate Anton Newcaroski,

last Thursday, he  had  to  send  him  a registered letter through the

mail, and when Anton called for the letter  at  the post office he was

placed under arrest.  He maintained his  innocence until he was placed

behind the bars in the county jail and  then  he weakened and told his

story.   The  three  men  now  under  arrest   will  be  sent  to  the

penitentiary,  but they will very  probably  receive  short  sentences

because  of  the  fact  that  they  confessed their guilt  and  helped

towards  apprehending the real counterfeiters,  and  the  lesson  they

will learn will likely  have  a  far  reaching effect upon many of the

ignorant countrymen.




   Maria Quaglia, of the village of  Panama,  has  sued August Quaglia

for a  divorce.   Maria  alleges  that  she  and August were united in

marriage on the 10th day of June, 1898  "at  and  in  the  Kingdom  of

Italy, in the  continent  of  Europe,"  and  that they have one child,

Dominick  Quaglia, now about 11 years  old.   She  then  charges  that

August has treated  her  with  extreme  and repeated cruelty, striking

and kicking her violently at divers times;  that  he  struck  her once

with a club, and that he has been  arrested and fined for beating her.

 She  states  that  he  owns a  large  amount  of  personal  property,

consisting of growing crops, six  head  of  horses, 12 head of cattle,

21 head of hogs, four wagons and a  lot of farm machinery, that he has

executed a pretended chattel mortgage  on  his stock for $2,200, which

was given July 2, 1910, to one  Giovanni  Charmers,  but  the same was

fraudulently made for the purpose  of  depriving  her and her boy of the

means of support.  She asks that August  be enjoined from selling said

property and that said Giovanni Charmers  be enjoined from foreclosing

said  mortgage.  She asks for a  divorce  and  sufficient  alimony  to

support herself and her child.




   Antonio Galluce, the Italian  traveling  salesman who furnished the

bogus  bills  for  the Panama miners to  dispose  of,  was  caught  at

Wilmerding, near Pittsburg, Pa.,  on  Monday  of  this week and is now

being held by the federal authorities.

   Galluce told the Panama miners that  he  was an agent of the "black

hand" society, and when he gave them the  money, he made them take the

black  hand  oath  never  to  tell  where  they got the money.  It  is

generally believed by the federal authorities  who  are acquainted with

the particulars in this case  that  Galuco  did not make the money but

is disposing it for other parties in Chicago or New York.




   Mrs. William Sanderson is on the sick list.

   Mr. and Mrs. Earl Vincent of  Litchfield,  spent a few days of last

week with Charles Ward.

   Miss Edith McLane  has  been  re employed  as primary teacher at an

advance in wages of $5 on the month.

   The  hoisting  machine  at  the  coal  mine fell to pieces Saturday

morning while hoisting a load of coal.   The  engineer,  Bob Pullen of

Sorento, was painfully though not  seriously  injured.  It will be ten

days or probably two weeks before the mine can work again.

   The Coffeen boys  were  down  fishing  again today, but they didn't

seem to have their usual luck.  Three weeks  ago ten of them were down

and got about 150 pounds of fish.

   Word was received here today that  Mr. Emery Corlew (the well known

photographer of Sorento) is very low and getting weaker every day.

   Mrs.  Treecy  Merideth  is  visiting  her   daughter,  Mrs.  S.  M.

Kessinger, this week.

   "Tob" West, Mr. Mitchell's piano and organ  agent, is getting to be

a frequent caller  in  this  vicinity.   We  suspect some body will be

buying a new piano some day before long.

   Alfred Desborough has built a new  concrete cellar and kitchen over


   Born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Nick  Shannon,  a girl, on  Tuesday.  Mr.

Shannon's are the same family that has  been  quarantined so long with

the smallpox.  Mr. Shannon, his wife,  and  four children have all had

them.  The house was fumigated Saturday from  nine  a.m. to four p.m.,

and the baby was born on Tuesday afternoon.


                       Montgomery News

                            Jul. 22, 1910


Editor News;

   I have noticed in you paper No. 28  of  July  15th, that an Italian

by the name of Anton Newcaroski,  of  Taylor Springs, was arrested for

carrying a revolver.  I wish to state to  you  that this man is not an

Italian at all; he is a Russian.

   I like to see any man that is  violating   the  law of this country

punished accordingly, but  I  don't  like  the innocent to be punished

for the guilty one.  If he is a Russian, he is not an Italian.

   There   are   French,   Italians,   Austrians,  Spaniards,  Greeks,

Russians, etc.,   and they may all  look  alike.   Whenever  anyone of

those  that  can't  talk  plain  American  violates the  law  of  this

country, it is blamed on the Italians.   I  admit  there  are  as  bad

Italians as there are  other  nationalities,  and  that is more due to

the Southern Italians.

   I wish  to  state  to  you  that  whenever  you see a name with the

letter "k" in it, it is not an  Italian  name,  for  there  isn't  one

Italian name with the letter "k" in  it     the "k" is not used in the

Italian language at all.

   Dear editor, the Italian,  or  either  the foreign element that you

may call at Taylor Springs only consists  of  about  twenty.  They are

all very peaceable and  as  civilized  as  any, and they will all obey

and live up to the law of this  great  country,  and  if  there is any

offending said law we want him  to  be  punished to the full extent of

the law.

   Respectfully yours,

   Louis Magi



   We  have  on display at this office  one  of  the  counterfeit  two

dollar  bills  that  made  Panama  famous.   The work of engraving and

printing is perfect.  The only difference is  in  the paper used which

is minus the threads and of an inferior quality.

   In order to pass them the more  easily  the  bills  were folded and

wrinkled to give them  the  appearance  of  old ones.  The one we have

was loaned us by Abe McNeill, the cashier of the bank at Panama.

   Abe saw an Italian in  the  act  of  passing it and at once pounced

upon  him and a struggle for the  possession  of  the  bill  followed.

When the dust of battle cleared  away  Abe  had the bill.  Only two of

the  bills were ever presented at the  bank  and  both  of  them  were

detected and are held as evidence.   Greenville Sun


                           Montgomery News

                            Aug. 5, 1910




   Battista Badoni, a coal miner employed  at  the  Panama  mine, met

death at that place on  Sunday  night  of this week, between seven and

eight o'clock.

   The accident happened at the bottom of  the shaft while Badoni was

helping to pull a box of cinders off  the  cage.   The  car had become

fast in some manner and could not  be  pulled from the cage, which was

about two inches lower than the mine  level.   After  trying to remove

the car and finding it impossible to  do so, Ljuliornige Cururija, who

was  in  charge  of the work at the  pit,  rang  four  bells  for  the

engineer to  hoist  slowly.   This  was  done,  but the car was raised

about five or six feet instead of a  few  inches.  The signal was then

rung to stop the cage and then two bells were given to lower slowly.

   When the cage was elevated, the car  was  caught  between  the cage

and the roof of the  mine,  which  must  have tilted it forward and as

soon as the cage was lowered, the  car of cinders pitched forward into

the mine, burying Badoni beneath it,  breaking his neck, crushing him

and killing him instantly.

   Several miners were present at  the  time  of the accident and they

testified at the coroners inquest to  the  effect that Clyde McReaken,

the acting night boss,  ordered  everyone  to  get out of the way just

before ringing the two bells to lower  the  cage,  and  that everybody

did so except Badoni, who either  did  not understand or else did not

realize  his  danger  as  he stood  beneath  the  overhanging  car  of


   The unfortunate man had been ordered to  work  in  another  part of

the mine laying track and it  is  not  known why he went to the bottom

of the shaft.

   Coroner W. A. Gray was called to  Panama Monday where he summoned a

jury  composed  of  F.  E. Risk,  Peter  Smith,  Harry  Noe,  Theodore

Taulbee, John May and Dr.  J.  O.  Wilcox.  After hearing the evidence

they returned a verdict of accidental death.


                           Montgomery News

                            Sep. 9, 1910




   Seven indictments were returned  at  Quincy  Tuesday in the federal

court against Severen Pallette, Albert  Mattozo  and  Petro Santavicco

of Panama, this county, for counterfeiting.




   David Ross, secretary of the  Bureau  of Labor Statistics, has just

issued the 28th annual coal report for  the  state  of Illinois, which

gives  statistics  that  are  both  interesting and instructive.   The

report,  however,  is  for the year ending  June  30,  1909,  and,  of

course,  does  not  show  any  statistics  or facts subsequent to that


   The report shows  there  are  eleven  mines  in this county and the

total  production for last year of  the  eleven  mines  was  1,480,635


   Following is the number of tons produced  by  each  of  the  eleven


   Shoal Creek Coal Co., Panama, 366,544 tons

   Hillsboro Coal Co., Hillsboro, 243,780 tons

   Burnwell Coal Co., Witt, 188,767 tons

   Kortkamp Coal Co., Hillsboro, 161,520 tons

   Clover Leaf Coal Co., Coffeen, 156,594 tons

   Burnwell Coal Co., No. 2, Witt, 147,516 tons

   Peabody Coal Co., Nokomis, 133,643 tons

   Litchfield Coal Co., Litchfield, 42,163 tons

   Montgomery County Coal Co., Hillsboro, 37,697 tons

   Farmersville Coal Co., Farmersville, 16,401 tons

   G. I. Kelley, Raymond, 6,000 tons

   It will be seen that the  three  Hillsboro mines produced more coal

than was produced at any other point  in  the  county, by 76,443 tons,

the mine at Panama coming  next  with  366,554 tons.  The two mines at

Witt  produced  together,  336,283 tons.   This  makes  Hillsboro  the

greatest coal producing field  in  the  county,  and the center of the

mining industry.

   There are 1941 men employed in  the  mines of Montgomery county, or

were June 30, 1909.  Only 14 other counties  out  of  the  55  in  the

state  where  coal  is  mined,  employ  more  men than are employed in

Montgomery  county.  Sangamon county has  the  highest  number,  there

being 6,989 men employed in the mines in that county.

   Only  two fatal accidents occurred in  the  mines  of  this  county

during that year, vis:  Leonard  Ludwig,  killed by falling coal, Oct.

3, 1908, and E. O. Benny, killed Jan.  28,  1909  by being kicked by a

mule.  But there were 29 non fatal accidents,  10 of which occurred in

the mine at Panama, 8 in the mines  at  Hillsboro,  3 at Coffeen, 4 at

Witt, 3 at Litchfield, and 1 at Nokomis.

   The  mines  at Hillsboro employ 475 men,  at  Panama  419  men,  at

Coffeen 220, at Nokomis 132, at Litchfield 114, and at Raymond 12.


                            Montgomery News

                            Sep. 16, 1910




   Charles  Biggus  has  sued the Shoal  Creek  Coal  Co.  for  $2,000

damages for injuries he claims to have  suffered in the company's mine

in Panama this county, by reason of his  being  kicked by a mule named

"Topsy."  He charges that Topsy had  a  vicious propensity to kick, of

which  the  plaintiff was not informed  when  ordered  to  drive  her.

Biggus claims he was kicked by  Topsy  on  Nov. 15, 1908, and that the

mule's feet landed on his abdomen,  greatly  bruising  and permanently

injuring him.

   John May of Panama has filed a  bill  for divorce against his wife,

Nancy Ann May.  John and  Nancy  Ann  were married April 31, 1908, and

lived happily together for two months, or  until  July  1,  1908, when

the said Nancy Ann deserted John,  as  he alleges and has persisted in

such desertion ever since.  John asks for  a simple divorce from Nancy

Ann, without any frills or furbelows.


                           Montgomery News

                            Sep. 30, 1910




Andrew Betley, Panama, age 28

Nellie Ratka, Panama, age 21



                           Montgomery News

                            Oct. 7, 1910




   Herbert L. Kessinger has sued the Shoal  Creek  Coal  Company in an

action of trespass on  the  case,  laying  his damages at $2,000.  Mr.

Kessinger was badly burned in the Panama  mine  by  a gas explosion on

Sept. 3, 1910.   He  is  the  same  Herbert Kessinger who was shot and

killed  in  Panama  Tuesday  of this  week  by  Frank  Chilovitch,  an

Austrian, whom he was trying to  arrest,  an account of which is given

elsewhere in this issue.




   Herbert Kessinger, a constable of  Grisham  township,  was murdered

on Tuesday evening of this week by  Frank Chilovitch, an Austrian coal

miner of Panama.

   Kessinger  was  a  constable  and  also  held  a  deputy  sheriff's


   On Tuesday afternoon  shortly  before  five  o'clock he went to the

home of Chilovitch to collect an  account.   Upon  entering the house,

Chilovitch and  two  of  his  companions  jumped on Kessinger, who was

unarmed, and after beating him very severely  they threw him out of the


   Young Kessinger went to town, swore  out  a  warrant for Chilovitch

and taking three  friends,  went  to  the  scene of trouble.  Upon his

arrival there he knocked at the door  but  was refused admittance.  He

then  pushed  open  the  door  with  his  foot  and as he did so Frank

Chilovitch thrust a revolver into Kessinger's face and fired.

   Kessinger dropped dead and his body  rolled backward off the porch,

and Chilovitch then stepped outside the  house  and  fired  three more

shots into the body of his victim.

   Chilovitch then ran eastward out of town,  being  fired upon by one

of  the  companions  of  Mr.  Kessinger  who  was armed with  a  small

revolver.   The fleeing man made good  his  escape  and  though  every

possible effort was made to  apprehend  him,  no trace of the murderer

could be found.

   Soon  after  the  murder  occurred,  the  sheriff at this city  was

notified and bloodhounds were sent for, but  these  did not reach here

until eight o'clock on  Wednesday  morning.   In the mean time Sheriff

Bray and Deputy Kiggins had notified  officers  in  every  surrounding

town to be on the lookout for  the fugitive.  The entire southern part

of this county and the northern part  of  Bond  county was aroused and

every  possible  effort  was  made  to   apprehend  the  murderer.   On

Wednesday  night  he was located at  Sorento  and  arrested.   He  was

brought here Thursday and lodged in jail.

   The murdered man was a son of  the  late  George  Kessinger  and is

survived by his  widowed  mother,  a  sister  and a brother.  He was a

young  man  about  26  years of age,  and  was  well  known  over  the

southwestern part of this county.

The prisoner is six feet tall, aged  about  28  years,  and weighs 175



                           Montgomery News

                            Oct. 21, 1910




   Three  suits  were  filed  this  week  against the Shoal Creek Coal

Company,  and  in  each  case  the amount  sued  for  is  $5,000.   No

declaration has been filed in  either  case,  and the attorney for the

plaintiffs is Thomas R. Mould of Belleville.   In  each  case a motion

and affidavit  to  prosecute  as  a  poor  person has been filed.  The

plaintiffs are Gustavo Paneescci, Pete Guartes and William Spandoni.

   Finis Bishop, by  A.  F.  Bishop,  his  father and next friend, has

also sued the Shoal Creek Coal Company,  laying  his damage at $2,000.

"Old Jack," an obstreperous mule that has  crippled several men, it is

claimed, kicked Finis in the ear and destroyed his hearing.


                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 11, 1910




Antone Pleshe, Panama, age 22

Sophia Staffen, Panama, age 18


Nat Merideth, Panama, age 36

Ethel Jones, Coffeen, age 20


                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 18, 1910




   An explosion of gas took place in the  coal mine of the Shoal Creek

Coal Company at Panama on Friday morning  of last week, which resulted

in the  death  of  six  miners  and  in several others being seriously


   The dead were:


   Jacob Herman

   George Mancheff

   Joe Ganero

   J. Wilbur

   Raffel Romania

   George Petchoff


   The particulars of the accident, so far  as  we  can  learn, are as


   On Friday morning Raffel Romania, a miner,  entered  a  room in the

mine which had not been in  use  for  some time, going there in search

of some tools which he had left  there.   Hardly  had  he  entered the

place before his pit lamp set  fire  to the gas which had accumulated,

and  in  a second there came  a  terrible  explosion  which  instantly

killed  Romania  and  four  other  miners  who were in  the  immediate

vicinity of the explosion at the time.   There  were three hundred and

fifty miners at work  in  the  mine  when the explosion took place and

these were immediately called from work  and  taken  to  the  surface.

The work of rescuing  the  dead  was  then commenced, and within a few

hours afterward, most of the bodies were recovered.

   Among the number who volunteered  to  go  in search of the dead was

J. Wilbur, a resident of Sorento, and he  fell  a victim to the deadly

black damp  and  was  dead  when   carried   out  of  the  mine.   Mine

Superintendent Grabruck was also overcome and  had  to be carried from

the mine and for  several  hours  it  was feared he could not recover.

He is a brother of R. H. Grabruck of  this city, who is manager of the

Kortkamp mine near this city.   The  latter  hastened from here to the

scene  of the accident and assisted  very  materially  in  the  rescue


   Coroner Gray hastened to Panama and  an  inquest was held Saturday,

the  jury  being  composed  of  W.  W.  Mitchell, I. O. Wilcox, A.  N.

Miller, J. W. Cox, F. A. Lyons  and  Arthur  Ware.   They  returned  a

verdict of death due to an  explosion  of  gas, but did not attempt to

fix the blame on anyone.

   From the evidence heard by the  coroner's  jury, it seems as though

the accident was due wholly to the  fact that Romania disobeyed orders

in entering  the  room  where  the  gas  had accumulated.  He had been

warned  not  to  go  there by  Manager  Grabruck  and  his  assistant,

McCracken, and a warning was  posted  over the door, forbidding anyone

entering the room.  He disobeyed these  warnings,  however,  and  paid

the  penalty  with  his  life,  and  five companions also suffered  an

untimely death because of this one man's disobedience.

   Besides  the  killed,  there  were  twenty  three  who  were  badly

injured, five of whom were seriously hurt,  but  four  of them are now

rapidly recovering.  The fifth man is still in a critical condition.





   The  bottom  was  knocked  out  of the  docket  this  week  by  the

continuance  of  all  the  personal  injury  cases brought against the

Shoal Creek Coal Company, the mine at  Panama.   These cases had to be

continued because of the explosion  that  disabled  so many men in the

Panama mine last Friday.




   The funeral of J. Wilbur, the man who  lost  his  life in trying to

rescue the injured miners in the  Panama  mine last Friday was held at

his late residence in Sorento Monday  morning  at  10  o'clock.   The

services  were  conducted  under  the  auspices  of  the  Sorento  Odd

Fellow's  Lodge, of which the deceased  was  a  member.   The  funeral

sermon was preached by Rev. Headen  at  Sorento and the members of his

lodge attended in a body.

   The heroic death of this  man  should  not be dismissed with a mere

passing notice "Greater love hath no man  than  this,  that  a man lay

down  his  life  for  his  friends,"  said  the Great Teacher, and the

memory of this hero who braved the  deadly  fire  and black damp of the

mine in  order  to  rescue  his  fellow  men, should be kept green.  A

monument  should  be  erected  to  perpetuate   the   memory   of  his

self sacrificing heroism.


                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 25, 1910




   Frank  Chilovitch,  with  five aliases,  is  indicted  for  killing

Herbert L. Kessinger at Panama on October  4, 1910.  The indictment is

for murder and there are six counts  in  it.   The defendant plead not

guilty and his case  was  continued  upon his application.  Ed. Knotts

and W. E. P. Anderson of Carlinville  are his attorneys, and they were

here Tuesday to secure the continuance.

   Frank Chilovitch, Henry Gorsih, John Millick  and  Anna Gorsih, are

also indicted for  conspiracy.   They  are  accused of conspiring with

Frank Chilovitch to murder Herbert L. Kessinger on Oct. 4, 1910.

   Four counts are  found  in  an  indictment against Joe Felletti for

selling liquor in anti saloon territory.  Joe  is  accused  of dealing

out the joy water in Grisham township.

   Dominick Leli is also caught for the  same  offense,  which  he  is

charged with having committed in Grisham township.




   M. E. McDonald of this  city,  district missionary for the American

Sunday School Union reports that the  Sunday school recently organized

at Panama, has an average attendance  of about 65.  The superintendent

is  S.  B.  Compton,  and he is assisted  by  an  able  corps  of  six

teachers.  Mr. Bailey teaches the  Bible  class, Mrs. Slagel the young

men's class, and Mrs. Anna Compton the  young  ladies'  class, Mrs. A.

Burchfield is  the  teacher  of  one  of  the Berean classes and Supt.

Compton  the  other.   Mrs. Geneva Dick  teaches  the  primary  class.

There is  no  church  in  Panama,  and  the Sunday school meets at the

school house paying therefore $6.00 a month.   Steps have been taken to

organize a church  at  Panama  and  it  is  hoped they will be able to

erect a house of worship there soon.                                                                     


                           Montgomery News

                             Dec. 2, 1910




Panama, Ill.

Nov. 24, 1910


Editor Montgomery News


Dear Sir:

   This is one Thanksgiving Day above  all  others, that the miners of

Panama, Illinois, have reasons to be  thankful  for,  that  is because

they are not numbered with their  six  deceased brothers who met their

death  by an explosion which occurred on  November  11,  which  we  can

assure you that it grieves  us  very  much  to have to make mention of

this matter on this sad occasion.

   At our regular meeting held  on  November  21, there was an article

read from your paper of the 18th  inst.,  pertaining  to the explosion

at Panama, and the membership did not take  very kindly to it and they

appointed a committee to answer the same.

   And  now  Mr.  Editor,  while  we  do  not know how you  became  in

possession of the information, it is an  evident  fact  that the party

that  gave  you  this  information   had   very  little  knowledge  of

conditions that existed at Panama mine  prior  to  the  explosion  and

furthermore, his knowledge is limited on mining.

   And  again,  Mr.  Editor,  we feel  justified  in  defense  of  our

deceased brothers, especially Raffel  Romania,  where you make mention

in  your paper on one man's disobedience  caused  the  death  of  five

others and also caused twenty  three  more  to be badly injured, which

is not correct.  We believe if the  management  of The Montgomery News

had put forth a little effort  to  ascertain the truth in this matter,

the distance was not so great but  they could have visited Panama, and

could have  had  a  more  truthful  and  favorable article to give the

readers of The Montgomery News.

   And again, Mr. Editor, we  feel  as  working men, that the evidence

that  was  given at the coroner's  inquest  showed  plainly  that  the

protection the law gave Raffel Romania and  other miners of Panama was

grossly neglected.


                             Peter Smith

                           Charles A. Boyle





   Three coal miners of Panama applied  for their first naturalization

papers at the circuit clerk's office  here  last  Saturday.  They were

Arthur  Corbisez  who  came  from  France  in October, 1908;  Battista

Bonetto, who came from Italy in January,  1905;  and Louis Dussart who

came from France in December, 1904.







                        Montgomery News

                             Dec. 9, 1910




   Dr. G. Garrison, Dentist of Coffeen,  will  be  in  Fillmore  every

Thursday, in Panama 1st and 3rd Mondays  and in Donnellson 2nd and 4th

Mondays of each month.


                           Montgomery News

                            Dec. 16, 1910




   John  Garnero  and  Miss  Francisca  Quaglia,  two young people  of

Panama, were married here on Monday of  this week, Dec. 12th, by Judge

Dryer.  The ceremony was performed at  the  office of the judge in the

Court House.




John Garnero, Panama, age 35

Francisca Quaglia, Panama, age 18


John Link, Panama, age 23

Josephine Sick, Panama, age 25




   Earl Risk who has been working in the  office of the mine at Panama

moved from that village the first  of  the week, to Gillespie where he

is employed in the office at mine No. 3 of that city.                                                                     








                      Montgomery News

                            Dec. 23, 1910




   Maria  Quaglia  was  given  a  divorce  from August Quaglia on  the

ground  of  cruelty.   The  defendant was  also  ordered  to  pay  the

complainant  $50  alimony  in  30  days  and  she was given a  monthly

allowance to be paid by the defendant of $12 a month.




   Last Saturday night Frank Gombosh of  Panama  struck  Louis  Juhous

over the head with a  hatchet  because  Louis had such a dinged absurd

name.   They were both soused.  They sewed  Juhous'  head  up  with  a

whang and arrested Gombosh and fined him  $25.  He was brought here to

jail and the man he Carrie Nationed  is  now  trying  to  raise  money

enough to get him out,  as  he  now thinks the attack was justifiable.

It will take sixty bones to get Gombosh out of jail.


                           Montgomery News

                            Dec. 30, 1910




   Maria Romani and Angelo Pauloni,  have  each filed suit for $10,000

against the Shoal Creek Coal Company.   The declarations have not been

filed yet, but  the  suits  are  supposed  to grow out of the terrible

accident that occurred in this mine some  weeks  ago  in which several

men lost their lives and a  number  of others were frightfully injured

by an explosion.

   Barbara Depauli and Frank Supelko  have  each sued the same company

for damages placed at $1999.99 each.   These  suits  are  supposed  to

grow out of the same accident.








   Thursday morning, Dec.  29,  the  sad  news was telephoned over the

county that M. M. Creighton, a  prominent  attorney of Litchfield, was

drowned at Voiles Ford, while driving to Panama

   Mr. Creighton and A. B. Sparkman,  a  constable of Litchfield, were

driving  to  Panama  to  make  some  collections.  At the Voiles Ford,

about two miles from Panama, they found  the  creek unusually high and

covered with ice.  In attempting to  cross  Mr. Creighton and the team

were swept under the ice and drowned.

   Mr.  Sparkman  succeeded  in  getting  out  of  the water in a half

drowned condition.  As we go to press  the  body  of Mr. Creighton has

not been recovered.

   Deceased was about 55 years old and  was considered an able lawyer.

 He was democratic candidate for  county  judge  of this county in the

late election.

   Mr. Creighton  leaves  a  wife  and  two  children; Carl, who is in

business at Wallace, Idaho, and Miss Effie who is at home.


Annual Coal Report for Year Ending June 1911


Fire destroys washer.

   As a result of a fire  of  mysterious origin, a $70,000 coal washer

owned by the Shoal Creek Coal Co.  was  destroyed early on the morning

of April 11, 1911.  The washer was  a short distance from the hoisting

shaft and it contained 1800 tons of  washed coal.  This, together with

a carload which was under the  chute,  was totally consumed.  The fire

fighting apparatus at the mine was the  means  of saving the buildings

around the shaft.   About  a  month  ago  the storehouse owned by this

company was totally destroyed by fire.   The  loss  on both structures

was fully covered by insurance.


   (The following report  of  the  explosion  at  the mine on Nov. 11,

1910,  differs  considerably  from the report  in  the  newspaper.   I

suspect the newspaper account is more  accurate. The cover picture was

taken on this day. Ed.)






Explosion at the Shoal Creek Coal Co.'s mine on Nov. 11, 1910.

   Six men killed, eleven injured by  afterdamp,  and the lives of 386

others imperilled, were results of an explosion  of  gas  in the shaft

of the Shoal Creek Coal Co.'s mine at Panama. The dead are:

   Charles Chornak

   Jacob Herman

   Reggie Romania

   Joe Gauer

   George Mancheff

   Jay Wilbur

   On the morning of Nov. 11, 1910,  a  miner, Reggie Romania, who had

been discharged, accompanied by  Charles  Chornak,  went into the mine

to get Romania's tools.  They were cautioned  not to go into the first

west entry as there  was  a  squeeze  and  gas had been found near the

face of the entry.  However, they  went  and  the  explosion followed.

The explosion  was  not  severe  at  the  point of the origin, but the

deadly  afterdamp  overcame  three  of  the   men   while   they  were

endeavoring to rescue their fellow workmen.


   On Jul. 31, 1910,  Battisti  Badonic,  timberman, aged 46, married,

was killed by a car of cinders which  fell  on him from a moving cage.

Deceased was told to step back from the  cage as it was being lowered,

but  failed to understand the warning.  He  leaves  a  widow  and  one





   On Jul. 23,1910,  Fred  Freezeland,  aged  20, single, had his heel

cut off by a pit car, resulting in 120 days lost time.


   On Oct. 22, 1910, George Drake, aged  30,  married with 2 children,

had his body injured by a machine, resulting in 30 days lost time.


   On Oct. 22, 1910,  Camilla  Paniceo,  aged  25, single, had his leg

broken by falling coal, resulting in 270 days lost time.


   On Nov. 11, 1910, Angelo Paulon, aged  35, married with 3 children,

had his body injured by a gas explosion.


   On  Mar.  6,  1911,  Steve  Havron,  aged  22, married, had his leg

broken by a pit car, resulting in 141 days lost time.


   On Mar. 14, 1911, Mike Higgins, aged  50, married with 10 children,

had his eye destroyed by  steel  flying  from a pick, resulting in 102

days lost time.



    23,499 tons of mine run

   167,205  "   "  lump

   189,525  "   "  other grades

   380,179 Total

   $426,871 value

   356,342 tons were loaded on rail cars for shipment.

    23,837 tons were used for other purposes.

   196 days of operation.

   422 employees.

    20,729 tons were mined by hand.

   359,450 tons were machine mined.


                       Montgomery News

                             Jan. 6, 1911




   The body of Milton  M.  Creighton,  Attorney of Litchfield, who was

drowned in Shoal Creek, near Panama, last  Thursday,  Dec. 29, a short

account  of  which  was  given  in  last  week's News, was found  last

Saturday morning at about 8:30 o'clock,  after  remaining in the water

48 hours.

   The body was found some 25 feet  from  where  the  horses and buggy

were found Thursday afternoon.  The hole into  which the body had been

swept by the rushing water had been dragged  from one end to the other

by  a  crowd  of  willing  workers  who  remained at the scene of  the

tragedy constantly, but they had failed to  bring up the body and were

about to give  up  in  despair  thinking  the body might have swept on

down  the  creek.  The ice covering the  hole  of  water  under  which

Creighton's body had been taken, was  blown  up by dynamite, about 100

pounds  being used.  The fragments of ice  were  cleaned  out  of  the

water and diligent search  with  grappling  hooks and other appliances

had been made but to no purpose.  It  was  finally  decided to send to

St.  Louis  for  professional  divers,  but  before this plan could be

carried  into  execution, two men from  Panama,  Hanby  and  Alexander

struck the body with  the  grappling  hooks  and it was brought to the


   Word was at once telephoned  to  his  distracted wife and family at

Litchfield,  and the body was taken to  Panama.   From  there  it  was

brought  overland   to   Hillsboro   and   shipped  by  interurban  to

Litchfield, a party from that place meeting  it  here and escorting it


   The work of rescuing the body was  directed  by  States Attorney H.

C. Stuttle, Harry Saathoff, Sheriff  Mike  Kiggins, Herman Caspers, W.

H. Swank, Capt. Charles Morris, "Irish"  Aherin,  David  Atterbury and

other friends of the deceased.   These  men  spent two days and nights

at  the  scene,  and  on account of  the  cold  and  exposure  it  was

difficult work.

   The  inquest was held Saturday evening  after  the  body  had  been

taken to Litchfield and  after  hearing  the evidence the jury brought

in a verdict of accidental drowning.

   At the inquest the principal  witness  was, of course, Constable E.

B. Sparkman, who was with Mr. Creighton at  the  time he was drown and

therefore the only man who could  tell  how the accident occured.  Mr.

Sparkman's testimony was as follows:

   On the 28th day of December,  1910,  Mr. Creighton asked me to take

him to Panama.  He said he had a law  suit  there and he wanted to get

there by 8 o'clock.  I said I  would  take  him.  I said I would be at

his home the following morning at 7  o'clock.  That morning about 6:45

I drove to his  home.   I  hollered  for  him and his wife came to the

door and said he had gone down to  the  office.   I  drove down to the

office here and he was  waiting  for  me.   He got in the buggy and we

started to Panama.  We drove till we come  to  this ford and we pulled

up and stopped and discussed  the  ford.   Mr. Creighton says "what do

you think of it." I says Milt, I  beleive  we  will  get our feet wet.

He says how far  is  it  around.   I  says the McPherson bridge is two

miles north and I says that will be  four  miles, 2 north and 2 south.

He says we haven't got  but  a  half  hour  to make this in and if you

think it is safe we will drive across.  I  says  I think it is safe so

I drove in and I don't know  what  happened.  When the team struck the

ford of the creek I don't know whether  I  drove  in on ice or whether

the team struck the ice.   The  first  I knew we was going downstream.

I stayed in the buggy with him until  we  went  some  forty  or  fifty

feet.  I says Milt, I am going out  and unrein the team and maybe they

will make it through.  I crawled out on  the  near horse and broke his

rein from the back band of the harness and  just as I done that I went

under.  I fell between them and went clean  to  the  bottom and when I

came up  I  was  under  the  team  and  my head struck the pole of the

buggy.  I come up again and on the  outside  of  the same horse that I

had fallen off of and I  crawled  on  her back again.  I went from her

back to the other horse and was  just  unreining  him  when  they went

under again.  I slid off to the right and  a cake of ice hit me across

the breast and rolled me under.  When I  came  up  I  came  up under a

willow tree and I reached up and caught a  twig and as I did that Milt

says "Stay with me Sparkman."  I says I  will  as  quick  as  I get my

clothes off.  I scrambled to the bank and  got out.  Just as I got out

I fell back.  Some man run up and  says to me, "Don't give up partner"

and he reached me a  pole  and  pulled  me  out.  When I got out I sit

down on the bank and I could see  nothing  of  Milt or the buggy.  The

horses had turned  around  and  were  facing  back toward the ford.  I

stood  there  until  they drowned and went  to  the  man's  house  and

changed my clothes.  That is all I know.

   Sheriff Kiggins was also examined and  gave the following evidence.

 "Word came to me about noon on the  29th of December and I started to

the  ford.  I have been at the  ford  ever  since  then  excepting  at

night.   The  body  was  found  about  9:30 today, December  31st.   I

identified the body as Milton M. Creighton.   The  body was brought to


   The  funeral  services  were  held  at   the  Methodist  church  in

Litchfield, on Tuesday, Jan. 3,  at  2:30  p.m., Dr. T. DeWitte Pleake

officiating.  It was largely attended.  The  members of the Montgomery

county  bar  attending  in  a  body.   The floral offerings were  very

handsome, especially the piece sent in by  the  members  of  the  bar.

Mr.  Creighton  was  a  member  of  the  Fraternal order of the Mutual

Protection League, and carried life insurance in that organization.



                       Montgomery News

                            Jan. 20, 1911




   The murder case against  Frank  Chilovitch  is set for next Monday.

This is the man who killed Herbert  Kessinger  in  Panama last summer.

The facts were given  in  the  News  at the time the shooting occured.

Kessinger was a constable and went to  the  house  of the defendant to

collect a debt  and  was  beaten  and  thrown  out of the house by the

defendant and his companions.  Kessinger went home  and got a shot gun

and returned, when he was killed  by the defendant.  Chilovitch claims

he shot Kessinger in self defence.  Ed  Knotts  and  W. E. P. Anderson

of Carlinville are defending him.

   The case of Herbert L. Kessinger vs.   Shoal Creek Coal Company was





   George Criswell who recently moved from Hillsboro to his farm of 50

acres north of Panama, was in Hillsboro  this  week  on  the jury.  He

says he likes his new location very  much  and he hopes never again to

return to work in a coal mine where  he  can  make  more money than he

can farming but he can't save so much.   He also says that a man might

just as well spend his life in jail as  in  a  coal  mine, as he knows

nothing, sees nothing and his life is  in constant danger when at work





   Guiseppe Santoris and Miss Maria Guzzi,  both  of  Panama,  quietly

journeyed to  this  city  this  morning  with the expressed purpose of

leaving it again this evening as Mr.  and  Mrs.  Santoris.  One little

incident however, came near bringing the  party to grief, they visited

a store, for the purpose of buying a  ring,  but  they could not agree

on the price.  The bride had  set  her  heart on one that cost $12 and

she refused to be satisfied with any cheaper one.

   The party retired to  a  cafe  where  they proceeded to discuss the

matter pro and con.  The result of  the  conference was that the bride

decided to be satisfied with  a  $5  ring and they quickly went across

to the court house where the license was procured.

    Edwardsville Intelligencer


                       Montgomery News

                            Jan. 27, 1911




   The  case  against  Frank  Chilovitch,  charged  with  murder,  was

continued last Monday.  This is the Panama  case spoken of in the News

before.  Nearly all the people of Panama  were  here as witnesses, but

the defendant's attorneys felt it would  not  be safe for their client

to go to trial because of the  absence of several important witnesses,

and an  affidavit  for  continuance  was  made and the continuance was





   Mrs. John Felkel died at her home  in  Panama  Tuesday  night, Jan.

24, 1911, aged 35 years.   She  leaves  her husband and two daughters.

Her maiden name was Lasenby and  she  leaves  three  brothers,  George

Lasenby of Hillsboro, John of Litchfield and Alvin of Gilkerson, Ark.




   Sheriff M. T.  Kiggins  and  turnkey  Eddie Marshall recently had a

very narrow escape from turning the  jail  into  a  foundling  asylum.

They had a bench warrant  in  their  possession for the arrest of Mrs.

Scavager, of Panama, whose husband is now  in  jail charged with being

implicated in the Hubert Kessinger murder case  and when she came here

to visit her husband, Sheriff Kiggins  placed  her  under arrest.  She

made an earnest plea for  her  liberty  and whispered something in the

sheriff's ear which made him blush like  a  bride  and also caused him

to release his prisoner as soon as  he could.  This happened about six

weeks ago and this week the lady  presented herself to the authorities

to be placed in jail,  but  she  didn't  come alone but carried in her

arms her baby which is six weeks old.   If this wasn't a narrow escape

for the new sheriff, we will give it up.

                        Montgomery News

                             Feb. 3, 1911




   In the case against John Millick  indicted  for conspiracy, jointly

with  Frank  Chilovitch,   the   man   charged  with  killing  Herbert

Kessinger, a motion was made by his  attorney  W.  E.  P.  Anderson of

Carlinville, to admit the defendant  to  bail.  The motion was granted

and  Millick was allowed to enter into  recognizance  in  the  sum  of

$1,000,  with  Mike  Drogovich,  Lawrence  German  and L. C. Riley  as

sureties, and he was then released  from  custody.   Millick  was also

admitted to  bail  in  the  case  against  him for assault and battery

growing out of the same difficulty.  The  bail  in  this case was $100

and he gave the same securities.


   The suit of Ann Manning, widow,  etc.  vs. Shoal Creek Coal Company

was dismissed at the plaintiff's costs.


   The  trespass  case  of  Julius Gruenewald  vs.  Shoal  Creek  Coal

Company was dismissed for want of prosecution.


   A judgement by agreement for $300 was  given Robert S. McCoy in his

suit against the Shoal Creek Coal Company.


                        Montgomery News

                            Mar. 24, 1911




   Angelo Pauloni has sued the  Shoal  Creek Coal Company for $30,000.

This case is for the alledged  injuries  suffered  by  plaintiff, Nov.

11, 1910, at the time of the explosion in the defendants mine.


   Camillio Pagnier has sued the Shoal  Creek Coal Company for $10,000

for injuries he claims to have received  Oct.  22,  1910, while in the

employ of the company.



                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 7, 1911




   Camillo Pagnier vs. Shoal Creek Coal  Company,  amount  of  damages

sued for reduced from $10,000  to  $1,999.   This was done to keep the

case from being transferred to the United States court.


   Angelo Pauloni vs. same, defendant asks  that  the  case be removed

to the United States court for the Southern District of Illinois.




   T. W. Kinzer the well known lumber  merchant of Sorento and Panama,

was married in Litchfield Wednesday morning April  5,  at 9 o'clock to

Miss Martha A. Pullen, Rev. D. K.  Miller officiating.  The groom is a

prosperous shrewd and capable business man and  the  bride  is  one of

Litchfield's most popular young ladies.

   The News joins with the many friends  in wishing them many years of

wedded bliss.


                         Montgomery News

                            Apr. 14, 1911




   Marherta Badoni vs. Shoal Creek Coal  Company,  tried  by  jury but

before the case was concluded the plaintiff took a non suit.


   Pete Guaites vs.  same,  tried  by  jury, verdict for plaintiff for


   William Spandoni vs. same, non suit taken.


   John Seibert vs. same, cause heard by a  jury, defendant asks court

to  instruct  the  jury  to  find  a  verdict for the defendant on the

grounds that the proof showed the plaintiff  to  have  been  guilty of

such contributory negligence as would  preclude  his right to recover.

The court allowed the motion and the case went out.

                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 21, 1911




   Kennedy R. Hart and R.  W.  Sauerbier,  of Hillsboro, and Thomas A.

Lewis of Panama, passed the examination  at  Springfield last week for

mine managers,  and  Joe  Busaytis  and  Frank Hulm as mine examiners.

Oscar  R. Gurick of Litchfield passed  the  examination  for  hoisting





   Guy Sloat of Panama  and  Miss  Jessie  B. Fish of Audubon township

were united in marriage on Saturday of  last  week  the ceremony being

performed by Esq. J. Q. Bost at Fillmore.


                           Montgomery News

                             May 5, 1911



   As  we  went  to press last week  the  murder  case  against  Frank

Chilovitch and Henry Gorsich was  being  tried.   The case went to the

jury Thursday evening and after considering  their  verdict all night,

they brought in a verdict Friday  finding Chilovitch guilty and fixing

his term of punishment at 18 years  in  the penitentiary.  Gorsich was

aquitted as was  predicted  in  our  write  up last week.  The verdict

against  Chilovitch is considered a very  severe  one  by  some  while

others think he received his just  deserts.   A motion for a new trial

was made and it will be argued May 31.


                        Montgomery News

                             Jun. 2, 1911




   Judge Rose came over from Clay county Thursday morning to finish up

the work of the April term of the  circuit  court.   One  of  the most

important  questions  that  came  before  the  judge Thursday was  the

motion  for  a  new  trial  in  the  case  of  the  people  vs.  Frank

Chilovitch, charged with the  murder  of  Herbert Kessinger at Panama,

Oct.  4,  1910.   Our  readers  will   remember  that  on  April  28th

Chilovitch was convicted by a jury of  murder and his punishment fixed

at 18 years in the penitentiary.  A motion  for  a  new trial was made

at the time and the  hearing  of  the  motion was set for May 31, last

Wednesday.  Attorneys Knotts and Anderson  of  Carlinville  were  here

representing the defendant.  The court, after  a general review of the

evidence refused to grant a new  trial  and  sentence  was  pronounced

upon the defendant.  The case will be taken up on appeal.




   The case of John Kirchner against  the  Shoal Creek Coal Company at

Panama was also affirmed.  This case was  tried  at  the  April  term,

1910, of the  circuit  court  and  resulted  in a verdict for $700 for

Kirchner.  The coal company appealed with the result as above stated.


                       Montgomery News

                            Jun. 23, 1911




   Frank  Chilovitch  the  Austrian  coal  miner  who shot and  killed

Herbert Kessinger at Panama, on Oct. 5,  1910,  was  taken  to Chester

penitentiary on Saturday of last week by  Sheriff M. T. Kiggins, where

he will serve 18 years on a charge of murder.

   By good behaviour Chilovitch  can  reduce  his term to twelve years

but those who have watched him during the  time  he  has been in jail,

predict that  he  will  not  live  many  years, unless he changes very

materially after he lands in the penitentiary.   He  is very quiet and

"broody" and sits aloof from his  fellow prisoners, with an expression

of hopeless indifference to all that goes  on  around  him.   He  does

what he is told to  do,  answers  all  questions asked him but a smile

never crosses his face and he appears to  be  on the verge of breaking

into  tears  at  every  minute.   This  expression  can be seen in the

picture of Chilovitch shown above, which was  taken  on the day he was

received in the penitentiary.

   Chilovitch has a wife and two children  at  Mt.  Olive.  The oldest

baby  is  aged  2  years  and  the  youngest but 11 months.  They will

make  their home for the present with  a  brother  of  Chilovitch  who

lives at Mt. Olive, Ill.


                           Montgomery News

                            Jun. 30, 1911




   In  last  week's News the junior  editor  gave  us  an  interesting

article regarding the taking of the  murderer Chilovitch to the prison

at Chester where he gives us much food for thought.

   Firstly: That an official of  the  prison  says "I believe in every

community where foreigners congregate there should  be some "means" of

making them understand that we have laws  that must be obeyed just the

same as in the old country and this  might  keep  some  of them out of


   Mr. Editor, if these people must be  shown  how  to  obey laws, who

can "show" them better than our officers  who are sworn to enforce the

law?  What manner of "means" could be  superior  to  those used by the

man who wears  the  star?   And  yet  the day Chilovitch was landed in

Chester for killing one of these officers  for  trying  to enforce the

law, ten others of his kind passed in with him for the same offence.

   Let us review some of the legal  history  of  our  county,  several

months prior to  the  murder  of  Herbert  Kessinger at Panama Oct. 4,


   On a certain day  the  coal  miners  of Panama gave a picnic.  Just

some simple anniversary in the annals of coal mining.

   A large red, white and blue flag of  our nation was unfurled to the

breeze in honor of the day.  Imagine  the indignation of the Americans

a  short  time  later  to  see  waving  above the stars and stripes an

anarchist flag of brightest crimson.

   Herbert Kessinger, deputy sheriff sworn  to  venerate the stars and

stripes above all others ordered the red  flag down but it's followers

refused to be "shown" by ordinary "means."

   The authorities at Hillsboro were notified  and the writer has been

told that  Stuttle,  Bray  and  Kiggins  hurried  down to Panama in an


   When they arrived the red flag  had  been torn down by Clay Compton

an American but the officers arrested  several  foreigners  and  fined


   Mr.  Editor, can  you  contrive  any   more  effective  "means"  of

instilling law and order  into  these  people  than those used at that


   And yet it engendered  a  race  hatred  that culminated in the cold

blooded  murder of Herbert Kessinger, an  officer,  while  doing  that

which he had sworn to do  and  perhaps  the large version of those ten

others who had killed a deputy sheriff might read alike.

   How long  will  it  be  until  an intelligent American citizen will

refuse an office that will bring him in contact with these people.

   Secondly:  He  says  "whenever  a   wedding   or  a  funeral  or  a

christening is held in foreign  settlements  intoxicants are provided,

etc. Yes and then some.

   The writer was born within a few  steps  of  Taylor  Springs.   The

land about there was then owned by  such men as George Richards, Barry

Neil, James Hamilton, Granpa Gaither and  others  who were never known

to enter  a  saloon.   Last  Monday  morning while riding through this

growing village we counted 53 "dead" beer  kegs  and probably missed a

few as the horse went through in a trot.

   I have been told that a  team  and  driver have to work overtime at

Panama to keep the booze hauled from  the depot to private residences.

 What  "means"  for  law  and  order  can  be "shown" these people  to

counteract the evil effects of all this trouble breeder.

   We  teach  our  children  in  the  public schools  the  horrors  of

alcoholism.   A  Saturday evening ride by  the  Richard  school  house

(Amherst) showed us five beer  kegs  scattered about the grounds while

a vicious looking foreign face leered at us from behind the building.

   Consistency! Thou art a jewel!

   Victor Murdock to whom every westerner  points  with  pride says in

substance  "The  Mississippi  Valley  citizen  holds  the  balance  of

political power and can be trusted to  use that power entirely for the


   The progenitors of these same citizens  were  foreigners  but thank

God for the good  of  the  country  the majority were good old Scotch,

the  jolly good natured Irish, the  industrious  thrifty  German,  The

quiet "mind my own business  and  obey  the law" English, who built up

the country, spending their money here  and swearing allegiance to our

flag.  Who would think of comparing Irish  John Alden or English Miles

Standish with the so called "bohunk" of today, all foreigners.

   The noblest  death,  is  in  defense  of  the Stars and Stripes and

though a man may worship God according  to  the  dictates  of  his own

conscience he must be "shown" by some "means" that while living in the

United States he must swear allegiance to  our  flag, our country, and

that our officers are identical with that flag, that country.


                          ELIZABETH REDFIELD

Daughter of a Soldier and Mother of a Sailor.


                           Montgomery News

                            Jul. 14, 1911



   A baseball team consisting of Taylor  Springs miners went to Panama

last Sunday where they contested for  honors  against a team of miners

of that city, and were defeated by a score of 10 to 6.


                           Montgomery News

                            Jul. 21, 1911



   Joseph M.  Baker,  the  public  administrator, and administrator ex

officio  of the estate of Battista  Badoni,  deceased,  has  sued  the

Shoal Creek Coal Company for $1,999.99.   The declaration charges that

on July 10, 1910, the mine manager  of the defendant's mine carelessly

and negligently signalled the hoisting  engineer  at said mine to stop

a  descending cage suddenly, which caused  a  loaded  box  of  cinders

which was being taken down into the mine  to fall from the cage to the

shaft bottom, which box of cinders  struck  the  said Battista Badoni,

who was at the bottom and killed him.

   Paul Badoni, a minor who sues by  Thomas  Donardi, his next friend,

brings suit against the Shoal Creek Coal  Company for the same amount.

 The  plaintiff is only 12 years of age  and  is  a  son  of  Battista

Badoni,  who  was  killed  July  31,  1910,  in the Panama mine.   The

plaintiff in this case seeks to recover  because  the  company,  as he

alleges employed a  mine  manager  who  did  not have a certificate of

competency as required by statute.  Thomas  R.  Mould  is the attorney

for the plaintiff in both cases.

                       Montgomery News

                            Jul. 28, 1911




   The contract for the new coal washer at the Panama mine has been

let and the work of excavation has  already commenced.  This washer is

to be larger than the old one which  was destroyed by fire last April.

 It will have double the capacity of the  old one.  It will be erected

at a cost of about $50,000.  It  is  being erected on the same site as

the old one.




   To all those who are interested  in  good  citizenship this article

is addressed; therefore, I believe a  large  majority of the people of

Montgomery county will be in sympathy  with  the  sentiments  embodied


   The world is growing better.  America  is  leading, Illinois is not

behind her sister  states.  The  unearthing  of  "jack pots" is not so

much indicative of wide spread political  corruption  as  an  awakened

public  conscience.   Honor  still  stands.   Justice still  prevails.

Right is conquering.  But the time for  the victor's songs has not yet


   There  is  indeed  a  hopeful  upward  trend;  and  the  people  of

Montgomery county, the descendents of  the  best blood of the colonies

are not sleeping nor fearful and timid  but  they  will  not  tolerate

longer some of the conditions which exist in our county.

   The  people  of  the township in  which  Panama  is  situated  have

declared themselves for no license in  the  last two elections and yet

there are at least fifteen places in  which  liquor  is  openly  sold.

Whole  carloads  are  shipped  from  New  Douglas and sold at  retail.

There is no attempt to hide their  illegal  selling.  The vampires who

deal in this  stuff  are  growing  fat  on fresh red blood.  These law

breakers   are   the   breeders  of   anarchy,   ignorance,   poverty,

licentiousness and brutality.

   No one who is acquainted with the  history  of  this  part  of  the

county  doubts  the  prevalence  of  anarchy.   The red flag has  been

raised here.  There is a large number of  men  who  defy  the state to

make any laws they cannot break.

   The ignorance in this community is confounding     a  town  of this

size should have  a  good  high  school  but it has been impossible to

organize such here.  We have had good  teachers  but  they  have  been

able to inspire very few boys and girls  with a love for an education.

 A thirst for knowledge is an almost unheard of thing.

   The poverty of the  community  is  shown  by the habit of buying on

credit   and this in spite of the  fact  that  the mine runs as steady

or more steady than any mine in the state.

   The  licentiousness of the community  is  almost  unbelievable.   A

great number of our  girls  have  thrown  away their virtue.  The fine

lines  which  distinguish between man  and  woman  being  obliterated.

Infidelity between husband and wife  is  laughed at.  Men entice young

girls into their dens of infamy   and  in  many cases the knowledge of

right and wrong is so  vague  that  very little enticing is necessary.

It is absolutely an unfit place to rear  children, for no child can go

onto the streets without coming under the influence of criminals.

   This is truly the open sore of  Montgomery  county.  We do not know

what is done in secret but there  is  enough done openly to convict at

least a score of men and some women.   We can do nothing ourselves for

sentiment and municipal  authorities  are  against  us.  We appeal for

aid to the law abiding citizens of the county.

   What can the  school  do  to  educate  the citizen of tomorrow when

there are fifteen crime factories in the  town running in violation of

the  law  to  one  school?   What  can  the church do to  quicken  the

conscience  of  the  people  when there  are  only  about  twenty five

righteous men and women to  cope  with  seven or eight hundred who are

either the authors of these vices or those  who  wink at it?  What can

a law loving  father  do,  when  his  life  and that of his family are

endangered if he lifts his voice against this atrocity.

   Let us good country folks quit talking  about the vices of the city

until  we  have  cleaned  up  the  country  districts.   Let  us  quit

grumbling about corruption  in  high  places  until we have proved our

own integrity.  Let us quit damning the  poor  foreigner as long as we

teach him his trade.

   How long will the fair name  of  Montgomery  county  be  dishonored

with this record?  How long will we  allow the healthy body politic to

be exposed to this noxious sore?  How  long  will our county officers,

when they know it, permit this law breaking, crime producing business?

  You and you alone, can answer these  questions.   Let us enforce our

laws or quit making them.  Such  a  thing  is a travesty on justice, a

mockery of right, and the quintessenve of perfidity.

   We appeal for your aid  in  the  name of the citizens of Montgomery

county, in the name of the church and  home  and  school  in behalf of

the rising generation, for  the  perpetuity  of virtue, honor, culture

and intelligence, for the sake of  health,  happiness  and prosperity.

We appeal  to  you  in  order  to  "secure the blessings of liberty to

ourselves and our posterity" and we  expect  a  hearty  responce  from

both private citizens and  public  servants.   We are not appealing to

the conscience of an epoch that has none.   Will  you  join with us in

this crusade for better things?


                            CLARK R. YOST




   A communication from C. R. Yost  published elsewhere in this paper,

in reference to the moral conditions  existing  in  Panama, the mining

village  located  in  Grisham  township,  on  the south border of this

county, should at least attract attention.   We  are inclined to think

that conditions are not as bad as  Mr.  Yost pictures them.  He may be

laboring  under  the  influence  of   an   excited   and   overwrought

imagination, and we are  loth  to  believe  that Panama is the home of

anarchy,  poverty,  ignorance and licentiousness,  as  he  states.   A

youthful crusader whose efforts to reform the  world in a few days and

is unsuccessful is apt to imagine that  things  are  worse  than  they

really are.  Yet Mr. Yost makes  some  grave charges and seems to know

what he is talking about.  The county  officers  who  are charged with

the duty of  seeing  that  our  laws  are not too flagrantly violated,

should  lose  no time in causing Mr.  Yost  to  lay  before  them  the

evidence he has so they  may  take  action.   If we have a young Sodom

and Gomorrah in Montgomery county the  sooner  the  proper authorities

are placed in the possesion  of  evidence that will secure convictions

the better.





                        Montgomery News

                             Aug. 4, 1911




   Our  readers  will  remember  that  last  week's issue of the  News

contained an article written by Rev. C.  R.  Yost,  a  "callow"  young

Methodist crusader who is engaged in  dispensing the gospel at Panama,

the young mining town situated in  Grisham township, the business half

of which is in this  county,  the  other portion lapping over into the

puritanical county of Bond.  Rev. Yost it  will be remembered wrote up

the town from a moral  standpoint  and  asserted that it was a regular

modern Sodom, and that wickedness and  vice  stalked  rampant  through

the streets and canyons and cul de sacs and  draws and gullies of that

village.  He told a story that caused  the virtuous people of this and

Bond counties to raise  their  hands  in  holy horror.  The story also

aroused the wrath of some of the people  of Panama, and caused them to

shower all kinds of imprecations on  the  devoted head of the "callow"

young informer.  One of the members of  the  village board flew to the

defence of Panama and  its  citizens  and  literally flayed Rev. C. R.

Yost and hung his bleeding pelt on one  of  the  post  oaks that adorn

the village square.  His excoriation  of  the meddlesome informer will

be found on page 3 in this issue.

   But the county officials,  whose  duty  it  is to see that the laws

are  enforced,  after brother Yost's indictment  of  Panama  had  been

published  in  nearly  every  paper  in  Montgomery and Bond counties,

concluded they would investigate and see if  there  was any fire where

Yost had raised so much smoke.

   The result of the investigation  was  surprising.  State's Attorney

Stuttle  filed  informations  against  eleven   of  the  peaceful  and

law abiding citizens of Panama, charging  them  with  dispensing booze

in anti saloon territory contrary to the  form  of the statute in such

case  made and provided and against the  peace  and  dignity  of  "the

same" people of the state of Illinois.

   The names of the defendants are  decidedly  spaghettian,  if we may

be permitted to coin  a  word,  and their ancestors probably consorted

with the Caesars and disported along the  banks of the yellow Tiber or

gamboled over the seven hills of the Eternal City.

   The first information was against Tony  Macalone,  and  it contains

32 counts charging him with  the  illegal sale of intoxicating liquor.

The names endorsed on the back of  the  information  as  witnesses are

William  Spandoni,  Hurley  Miller,   William   Pinkerton,  J.  H.  L.

Meyerson, J. Davidson, William Pinkley,  Louis  Pinkley,  Earl  Otter,

Max  Van  Brun,  John  Revelli,  Tony  Boxilatti, Anthony  Baloon  and

Batesti Hellonni.

   The next victim was Jim Pananka, who was hit with 16 counts.

   Then came William Spandoni with 8 counts charged up against him.

   Jack Williams who has a  good  American  name and should have known

better, was next on the list, but  Jack  only  has four counts against


   Frank Kirzlak, however, whose name sounds  like  a  bunch  of  fish

hooks,  was  charged  with  16  counts  and  John Kovic had to face 24


   The next lucky (?) man  was  Lorezo  Bedola, with 14 counts staring

him in the face, and then came Barney  Ghetto  with  an even two dozen

counts.   Barney's  first  name  indicates  that  he  might  have  had

Milesian ancestors but his last name is  macaronic enough to spoil all

the Irish blood that may be coursing through his veins.

   Louis Casper has 16 counts to answer  for with practically the same

witnesses  on  the  back   of   the   information  that  the  Macalone

information has.

   On Monday informations were filed  against  Marie Macalone and Mary

Casper, the wives of Tony Macalone and  Louis  Casper.   There  are 10

counts  against  Mary,  and  the  witnesses  against them are  William

Spandoni, Mrs. James Formes, Max Van  Brun, Earl Otter, Louis Pinkley,

John  Revelli,  Oliver  Cole,  Dell  Cunningham,  Mr.  Lewis  and  Mr.


   Last Friday  Sheriff  Kiggins  and  Deputy Sheriffs Charles Johnson

and  Jim  Ward,  together  with  "Sebe"  Emery,  our  Hillsboro  night

watchman,  made  a  descent  on  Panama  and  gathered in a few of the

alleged violators of the liquor law.   Jack  Williams was brought into

court and fined $100 and costs.

   Frank Kirzlak didn't get off so easy.   He  was fined $600 by Judge

Dryer and a stay of execution as to  $300 of it was ordered during his

good behaviour.  Being unable to come across  with  $300  and costs he

was sent to jail.

   The  same  fine  with  the same order  as  to  good  behaviour  was

assessed against Joe Kovic.

   Tony Macalone was fined $800 and  ordered  committed  to jail until

$400 of the  fine  was  paid.   On  Tuesday  Tony dug up $657 fine and

costs and was released but a  United  States Marshall from Springfield

was awaiting Tony at  the  door  and  took  him on a charge of selling

liquor without a government license.  We are  afraid  Tony  is in bad,

but we are informed that  he  recently  sent $2000 back to sunny Italy

so he evidently has a reserve fund to  draw  from  provided he can get


   Jim Pananka was then placed on the  carpet and fined $600 and costs

to be relieved from  paying  $300  of  the fine during good behaviour.

Jim finally dug up $350 and was  released  from  custody  but was also

taken in by a United States Marshall and railroaded to Springfield.

   The other defendants have not been arrested  yet, but they will be,

sooner or later, and  they  might  as  well come into the reservation,

fumigate  their  booze  joints  and obey  the  law  of  their  adopted

country.  They will find  it  is  hard  sledding when they try to sell

liquor in dry territory in Montgomery county.

   The  sheriff  and  states  attorney  are  to be commended for their

action in breaking up this nest of  booze  joints for we are satisfied

the Kirzlaks, the Kovics,  the  Macalones  and the Ghettos will "never

again" sell liquor without license.  The  officers  have  been "on to"

the offenders for several months and  were  only waiting to get a dead

sure case.  Brother Yost simply sprung  the  trap  Sheriff Kiggins and

States Attorney Stuttle had set.




   The baseball team of Panama  played  two  games at home last Sunday

afternoon.  In the first they defeated a  team  from  Pocahontas  by a

score of 15 to 6.  In the next the  Panama team was defeated by a team

from Coffeen by a score of 9 to 5.



Panama, Ill.

July 28, 1911


Editor News:


   Much attention and prominence is given  to  an article from the pen

of Rev. Clark R. Yost, who seemingly  is  a  citizen  of this village.

No attention would be paid to such  a slanderous, libelous attack upon

the fair name of the citizens of  this village were not the impression

liable to prevail among the people of  the  county that this man was a

resident  and  citizen of Panama, which I  make  all  haste  to  deny.

Never before  has  the  equanimity  of  the  people of this place been

stirred to the depths, as it has  by  this treacherous attack upon the

morality and citizenship of our people.   The spectacle of this callow

divinity  student  artfully  seeking  to  bask  in  the  spotlight  of

notoriety, by stopping  to  defame  and  villify  all those who do not

contribute to his salary, is one to  cause  every  moral man and woman

to stop in amazement, and wonder  that  such things should come from a

man of the cloth.  Strange indeed that  Rev.  Yost  who  is  in Panama

only  a  few  hours  each  Sunday,  should  know all these things  and

stranger still, that he has never given  the  information  he seems to

know to the proper  authorities.   Strange  it  is that neither he nor

the  gallant  twenty  five  whom he  says  are  righteous  have  never

complained to municipal  authorities  of  these  things, or offered to

co operate with those same authorities to  correct  any  evil that may

exist.  Faith without  works  or  righteousness  without deeds is like

unto the tinkling of cymbals and the sounding  of brass, in that it is

but a hollow mockery.  He  who  cryeth  aloud to his neighbors, that a

serpent is in his bosom and lifteth not  his  own  hand  to  smite the

serpent is  indeed  a  Craven.   He  who  shouts "The wolf! The wolf!"

where none exists is a deceiver and  a  poltroon.   The  words of this

man are more like the diabolical  frenzied mutterings of Satan, rather

than the gentle words of a disciple  of  Christ.   He  dares to insult

the  manhood,  the  womanhood,  the  childhood  even, of this  wayside

village.   Where  citizens  are  just  as  law  abiding,  intelligent,

honest, moral,  ambitious  and  peace  loving  as any other community.

Who  is  the  Rev.  Yost  that  he  dare  to  even  judge  as  to  the

righteousness of our people?  Is  it  not  one of the mandates of Holy

Writ to "Judge not lest ye be  judged."   From  what  source  does  he

acquire the divine right?

To answer him in detail would be absurd  and  a  mere  waste  of time,

suffice  to  say  that  his  statements  are deliberate and  malicious

untruths and are not inspired by the  purest  of  motives.   He  is  a

victim of a fervid imagination.  After  all  he is entitled to a great

deal of sympathy.  No attention will be  paid  to any further outburst

of billingsgate which he seeks to heap  upon the heads of our outraged

but patient Community.


                           THOMAS A. LEWIS,

                     Member of Board of Trustees.




   The county board of Bond county  has  made Panama one of the voting

places  in  Shoal  Creek township.  That  township  has  three  voting

precincts and heretofore the voters in  No.  1 have voted in Reno, and

those in Nos. 2 and 3 at  Sorento.   Under  the  new  arrangement  the

voting places will be Reno, Sorento and Panama.




   S. B. Compton has rented the  Clint  Dort store room on Main Street

recently vacated by L. J. Ware and  is  now  moving  his general store

here from Panama, where he has been located for several years.




   A warrant was issued on  Thursday  of  this week for Hardy Lewis, a

young coal miner of Panama, who is  charged with assault with a deadly

weapon.   The  complaining  witness  is  Louis  Dussart,  a  Frenchman

employed  in  the  coal mine at Panama  and  who  charges  that  Lewis

assaulted him two weeks ago  with  an  iron wedge, striking him on the

left side of the head, inflicting a  severe  wound  and  rendering him


   Mr. Dussart is represented by A.  N.  Poli,  of  Springfield, Ill.,

who is a professional interpreter, speaking  several languages and who

makes  a  business  of  protecting the  foreign  element  employed  in

Central  Illinois.   While  he  is  not  a  lawyer, he is well  posted

concerning legal work and the foreigners  have  implicit  faith in his






                       Montgomery News

                            Aug. 11, 1911



   Burglars  entered three homes in Hillsboro  on  Saturday  night  of

last  week  and  on  Sunday  morning  the  store of Charles Serenco of

Panama was robbed and on Monday night  they  robbed the Greek boarding

shack  at  Hillsboro  and  on  the  same  night entered the  store  of

Bartling & Hussy in Litchfield.

   The biggest haul made  was  at  Panama  where they took 75 pairs of

men's pants, 10 pairs of shoes, a  32  caliber  revolver  and  several

watches.   A  reward  of  $50  has  been  offered for the  arrest  and

detection  of the guilty parties and owing  to  the  amount  of  goods

taken it  is  hoped  the  burglars  will be apprehended.  At Hillsboro

they took nothing that will help to  implicate  them  and it is feared

they  could  not  be  convicted  were  it  possible  to  arrest  them.



   John Cox, John Chiolero and Joe Monti,  three brewery agents at New

Douglas were arrested by Sheriff Kiggins  last  Friday  and brought to

Hillsboro on  a  charge  of  selling  booze in local option territory.

They have been in the habit of  driving  from  New  Douglas  to Panama

where  they  solicited  booze  orders  and  delivered  the  goods  the

following  day, or very often the  same  day.   All  three  maintained

their innocence although they were  "caught  with the goods" but after

spending the night here in jail they  wilted  and  went  before  Judge

Dryer on Saturday morning and took  their medicine.  Judge Dryer fined

each of them $100 and costs, amounting  to  about $165 which they each

paid and departed for their  homes.   It  is hardly believed they will

repeat the offense inasmuch as they know  that  Judge  Dryer will give

them the limit of the law if they come before him again.

   On Tuesday of this week Joe Kovic  of  Panama  entered  a  plea  of

guilty to a charge  of  selling  booze  at  his home in Panama and was

released from jail after paying his fine  and  costs amounting to over

$275. Kovic is an ignorant foreigner  and  had been selling booze only

two weeks when arrested.  His share of  the  profits  in  the game are

therefore very small, and it is  believed  he will think awhile before

he repeats the performance.

   The great trouble with this element  is  that they turn their homes

into saloons and apparently do not care if  there  is  a half dozen or

more drunken patrons lying around their  homes.  The ordinary American

would not permit such a condition  but  unfortunately  the  foreigners

seem to care but little for their  home  life and think only of how to

get hold of some easy money.  The result  is  they fall an easy victim

to the brewery and distillery agents  who  urge them to sell booze and

make big money.

   At the present  time  almost  $4000  has  been paid into the county

treasury within the past three weeks for  booze  fines  alone  and the

end  is  not  yet  in  sight.   Nearly  all  of this money was paid by

residents of Panama and vicinity and all  of  the revenue thus derived

goes into our county school fund.


                           Montgomery News

                            Aug. 25, 1911




   Louis Casper of Panama, against whom  an information was filed July

28, charging him with selling  liquor  in anti saloon territory, plead

guilty Tuesday of this week on four  counts in the information and was

fined $200 and costs.


                           Montgomery News

                            Sept. 8, 1911




   Frank Supelko of Panama has sued the  Shoal  Creek  Coal Company in

an action of "case"  for  $1999.99.   The declaration alleges that the

plaintiff  was  injured  while working in  the  defendants  coal  mine

October 14, 1910.   That  he  was  a  machine man and that the machine

boss required him to get on the trucks  of  the machine he was working

and steady an armature while it was being  moved in the mine, and that

the machine was allowed, through the  negligence  of the machine boss,

to run rapidly  down  a  steep  decline  and that the armature fell on

plaintiff's  foot injuring it permanently, and  that  several  of  his

toes had to be amputated.


                           Montgomery News

                            Sept. 15, 1911




John Folwasky, Panama, age 23

Lucy Ditrech, Panama, age 18




   Rev. George S. Monroe will  preach  in Panama next Sunday September

17th, at 11 a.m.  Everybody invited.


                           Montgomery News

                            Sept. 29, 1911




   John L. Lewis of Panama  is  a candidate for Secretary Treasurer of

District 12 of the United Mine Workers  of  America  and  will receive

the support of many of  the  local  unions  of this part of the state.

Mr.  Lewis  is a very capable man.   He  has  been  secretary  of  the

legislative committee for the past two  years  and has been able to be

of considerable service to the miners  unoins  during  that  time.  He

has resided at Panama  for  about  three  years and is recognized as a

staunch friend of the organization as well as a good citizen.

   Duncan McDonald the present Secretary treasurer  is a candidate for

re election and is supported by the  radical  socialistic  element  of

the  miner's  unions,  while  Mr.  Lewis   is  the  candidate  of  the

conservative element.  Lewis is 32 years of  age,  married and has two

children.  He is a level headed,  capable  gentleman and would make an

ideal  Secretary treasurer  of  what is one  of  the  strongest  union

organizations in the country.



   J. W. Babb, president  of  the  board  of trustees of Panama, was a

Hillsboro visitor last Friday.  Mr. Babb  was here as a representative

of the  Panama  village  board  to  see  about building a town hall at


                           Montgomery News

                             Oct. 6, 1911




   Louis Yuhass has  sued  the  Shoal  Creek Coal Company for $1999.99

for damages the plaintiff claims to  have sustained in the defendant's

mine on March 6,  1911.   The  plaintiff  alleges that he was cleaning

out the sump and the engineer lowered  a  cage on him without warning.

The cage, he alleges, struck him on  the  head causing him to lose the

hearing in one of his ears and otherwise permanently injuring him.


                       Montgomery News

                            Oct. 13, 1911




   Henry Poos,  admr.  of  the  estate  of Jacob Herman, deceased, has

sued  the Shoal Creek Coal Company  for  $10,000.  No  declaration  is

filed yet.


   The case of  Angelo  Pauloni  against  the Shoal Creek Coal Company

which  was  sent  to  the United States  Court  for  trial,  has  been

remanded and is now on the  docket  for  trial at the November term of

the circuit court.  The plaintiff sues  for  $25,000,  for  damages he

claims to  have  suffered  by  reason  of  the explosion of gas in the

defendant's mine November 11, 1910.


                        Montgomery News

                            Oct. 20, 1911




   John Tourene  has sued  the  Shoal  Creek Mining Company for $3000.

The plaintiff was a mule driver Aug.  24,  1911,  in  the  defendant's

mine and was required so  he  alleges,  to  go into the 9th stub entry

off of the third west entry of said  mine  which was a dangerous place

by  reason  of  the  accumulations  of  gas  in the same; that the gas

became ignited and exploded, permanently  injuring and disfiguring the



   The case  of  the  Village  of  Panama  vs. O. S. Peterson has been

appealed.   The defendant is a teamster and  refused  to  take  out  a

license for a two  horse  wagon  used  by him in delivering goods.  He

was prosecuted for a violation of sections 2  and 9 of ordinance 15 of

Panama, and was fined $25.  He  has  taken  an appeal in order to test

the validity of the ordinance.


                       Montgomery News

                            Nov. 10, 1911




   Jacob Herman Jr. and others have sued  the Shoal Creek Coal Company

for $10,000.  No declaration is filed yet.




   The  court got into the trial of  a  personal  injury  case  Monday

evening.   It  was  the  case  of  John  Seibert vs. Shoal Creek  Coal

Company for injuries alleged to have  been  received  in the company's

mine.  The case was  vigorously  tried  by  Hill & Bullington and Lane

for  the plaintiff and W. B. McBride  for  the  defendant.   The  jury

returned a verdict for $1500 for Seibert.  The suit was for $2000.


   The  case  of  Gustavo  Pannesscci  against  the same defendant was

tried Tuesday and part of Wednesday.  The  plaintiff is not of age and

was a driver in the Panama mine.   He  was injured and sued for $5000.

  The case was brought by Thomas R.  Mould  of Belleville, who makes a

specialty of this sort of cases, and  understands all the details of a

coal mine.  The jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff for $200.




   Livelier contests than have marked the  occasion  in  several years

promise  to  feature  in  the  Illinois   Mine  Worker's  Union  whose

membership will cast their ballot December 18.

   While nearly  all  present  official  staff  will make the race for

re election,  they will face more formidable  opposition  than  for  a

number of years.

   Duncan McDonald, present Secretary Treasurer is  to have opposition

in his race for re election, although  he  thinks that he will have an

easy victory.  His opponent is John L.  Lewis of Panama, member of the

state legislative committee.


                       Montgomery News

                            Nov. 17, 1911




   Hardy  Lewis was indicted for an  assault  with  a  deadly  weapon.

Bond $200.  He is  accused  of  assaulting  Louis Dussart with an iron

wedge on August 15, 1911.

   The  case  of  John  Tourene vs.  Shoal  Creek  Coal  Company,  was

dismissed.  This was a suit for $3000.


                           Montgomery News

                            Nov. 24, 1911



   Thursday morning the case of Angelo  Pauloni  vs.  Shoal Creek Coal

Company, was begun.  This is a suit  for $10,000, and the plaintiff is

one  of  the  men injured in the  explosion  in  the  Panama  mine  in

November, 1910.  He was mutilated  in  a peculiar manner, his injuries

being of such a nature as to  partially  destroy  his  efficiency as a





   William  Lebeter,  a  driver  in  the  Panama coal mine, was killed

between nine and ten o'clock Monday night  while  at work in the mine.

No one saw the accident,  but  it  is supposed that Lebeter was thrown

off his car or was kicked off by a  mule,  as  the  car  was  making a

sharp turn which occurs in the  track  where the unfortunate young man

was killed.  When found, his body was  crushed between the car and the

wall.  It is claimed that there  is  only six inches space between the

car and the "rib" where this sharp curve is.

   Coroner  Gray  held  an  inquest  on  Tuesday  afternoon  with  the

following jury: W. W. Mitchell, E. A.  Murray,  F.  A.  Lyons,  Robert

Edmiston, Lester Hutton and Max Von Brun.

   The testimony of Louis Miller, John Jones  and Guy Sloat was heard.

 John Jones testified in relation  to  the  curve in the track and the

cause of the accident as follows:

   "To the best of my opinion, Lebeter  was swinging the cars in there

and the mule either kicked him off  or  crowded  him  off.  I couldn't

say which.  The  cars  pass  within  about  six inches from the rib at

this point.  This is on a curve.   They usually come around this curve

pretty fast.   It  is  down  grade,  so  they can swing the empties in

there.  He was pulling the empties  back  into  the  run around  where

they kept them.  He had to  put  them  in there to pass with loads.  I

don't  know how many cars he had.   Deceased  had  been  driving  here

about two months,  this  last  time  he  started on night shifts.  The

turn is too short for cars to go  around  as  the  cars bumped at this


   The deceased was 22 years old, is  married  and  has one child.  He

was buried at Sorento.

   The jury found a verdict in accordance with the facts.




   The Montgomery County Coal Company at  Taylor  Springs  made  a new

hoisting record for themselves last Friday when  2530 tons of coal was

hoisted in a little over seven hours.   They  expect  to  soon surpass

the Montgomery county record, which  is  held  by the Shoal Creek Coal

Company at Panama and is something over 3000 tons.


                           Montgomery News

                             Dec. 1, 1911



   The case of Angelo Pauloni vs.  Shoal  Creek Coal Company, on trial

as we went to press last week, resulted  in a verdict for $7000.  This

is  one  of  the  largest  verdicts  in  a personal injury  case  ever

rendered by a jury in this  county.   The  evidence  showed,  however,

that the plaintiff was frightfully  injured  and that his injuries are


Annual Coal Report for Year Ending June 1912


   The Shoal Creek Coal Co. has built a  new  coal  washer at the mine

at Panama to replace the one destroyed by fire on April 11, 1911.




   On Nov. 20,  1911,  William  Leitbetter,  driver, aged 22, married,

was killed by a pit car.  He leaves a widow and 1 child.


   On  Apr.  25, 1912, Porter Caulk,  driver,  aged  22,  single,  was

killed by a gas explosion.  He leaves a widow.




   On  Jul.  31,  1911,  Mike  Zacco,  aged  27, single, had his  head

injured by a mule, resulting in 165 days lost time.


   On Jan. 4, 1912, Edward Keenan, aged  26,  single,  had  his  ankle

broken by a pit car, resulting in 90 days lost time.


   On Jan. 16, 1912, Joe J.  Novak,  aged 35, married with 6 children,

had his leg broken by falling coal, resulting in 240 days lost time.


   On Feb. 14, 1912, John Mitchell, aged  22, single, had his shoulder

broken by a pit car, resulting in 200 days lost time.


   On  Feb.  19,  1912,  Henry  Nagli,  aged  35, single, had his  leg

injured by falling slate, resulting in 90 days lost time.


   On Mar. 8, 1912, Joe Fegak, aged  30,  single,  had his pelvis bone

broken by falling clod.


   On Mar. 15, 1912, Dominic Rossetti,  aged  30, single, had his ribs

broken by falling coal, resulting in 60 days lost time.


   On Mar. 19, 1912, Tony Santovica, aged  40,  married,  had his foot

injured by falling coal, resulting in 60 days lost time.

On Mar. 29, 1912,  Thomas  Lewis,  aged  30, single, had his pelvis

bone broken by the cage, resulting in 150 days lost time.


   On May 17, 1912, William Evans, aged  38,  married with 3 children,

had his leg broken by falling coal, resulting in 90 days lost time.


   On  June  1,  1912,  Fred  Freezeland,  aged  21,  married  with  2

children, had his jaw broken by a pit  car,  resulting in 75 days lost


   On Jun. 17, 1912,  Herb  Faudi,  aged  17, single, had his face and

arms burned by a gas explosion, resulting in 30 days lost time.


   On Jun. 25, 1912, Joe Pok, aged  22,  single,  had his hand injured

by a falling prop, resulting in 30 days lost time.



      2541 tons of mine run

   198,840  "   "  lump

   205,644  "   "  other grades

   407,025 Total

   388,612 tons were loaded on rail car for shipment.

   18,413 tons were used for other purposes.

   7231 kegs of blasting powder were used.

   222 days of operation.

   426 employees.

   407,025 tons were machine mined.

   22 mules in the mine.


                        Montgomery News

                             Jan. 5, 1912




   Jesse Havron has sued the  Shoal  Creek  Coal Company for $3000 for

damages he alleges he received Nov. 6, 1911, by reason of an explosion

of gas which he claims was caused  by the negligence of the defendant.

The plaintiff avers that at the time of the explosion he was acting as

assistant mine examiner, and that he was burned severely.

   Edward A. Rice, administrator of the  estate of William A. Lebeter,

deceased,  has  sued  the same company  for  $10,000.   The  plaintiff

alleges that  Lebeter's  death  in  the  defendants mine last fall was

caused by the negligence of the company.


                           Montgomery News

                            Jan. 12, 1912




   John Toureene vs. Shoal Creek Coal  Company for injuries alleged to

have  been  received  in defendant's mine,  damages  sued  for  $1999.

Plaintiff was a mule driver and claims to have been injured August 24,

1911, by an explosion of gas.



   A new trial was allowed in the  case  of  Gustavo Paneescci against

the Shoal Creek Coal Company.  In this  case the plaintiff was given a

verdict  for  $200 Nov. 8, for alleged  damages  he  had  suffered  in

defendant's mine.


                           Montgomery News

                            Jan. 19, 1912




   The case of Henry Poos, Admr.  vs.   Shoal Creek Coal Company , was

tried by a jury and  a  verdict  for $1500 was returned for plaintiff.

This was a suit which resulted from the death of Jacob Herman Sr., who

was killed in the defendant's mine by the explosion Nov.  11, 1910.


   The case of Jacob  Herman  Jr.   vs.   Shoal Creek Coal Company was

tried by a jury and a verdict for $500 was rendered for plaintiff. The

case grew out of the killing  of  Jacob  Herman Sr., the father of the

plaintiff, in the explosion in the  defendant's  mine  Nov.  11, 1910.

The verdict and  the  one  in  the  case of Henry Poos, administrator,

against the same defendant, mentioned above, were verdicts agreed upon

by both parties by way of compromise.

   The damage suit for $10,000  of  Edward  A. Rice admr. of estate of

William Lebeter deceased, against the Shoal  Creek  Coal  Company, was

removed to the United States Court.

                       Montgomery News

                            Jan. 26, 1912




   Thursday the case of Jesse Havron  against  the  Shoal  Creek  Coal

Company was tried.  Havron sues  for  $3000  for injuries he claims to

have  received  November  6,  1911, by an  explosion  of  gas  in  the

defendant's mine.  The case is not concluded as we go to press.                                                               


                       Montgomery News

                            Feb. 2, 1912




   Jesse Havron vs. Shoal Creek Coal Company continued.


   In the case of John Toureen vs.   the  Shoal  Creek  Coal  Company,

judgment was rendered by an agreement for the plaintiff for $225.


                        Montgomery News

                             Mar. 1, 1912




Louie Malatti, Panama, age 26

Mary Poggione, Panama, age 18


                           Montgomery News

                            April 12, 1912



Earl Leak, Panama, age 22

Lucinda Sloat, Panama, age 17                                                                     






                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 19, 1912




   In the case of Camillio Pagnier vs.   Shoal  Creek  Coal Company, a

suit for  injuries  received  in  defendant's  mine, a verdict for the

defendant was given.




   Panama     Trustees,  Louis  Henderson,  Charles  Serenco,  A.   N.

Burchfield and Jud Dolan; Clerk Ed Murray



   Several Sorento witnesses were  called  to  Chicago on the trial of

Mrs.  J. Wilbur vs. Shoal Creek Coal  Company,  for  damages  for  the

death of her husband who  was  killed  in an explosion about two years

ago.  She received a judgment for $2000.


                       Montgomery News

                            Apr. 26, 1912



   A motion for a new trial was  made  in the case of Camillio Pagnier

vs. Shoal Creek Coal Company in which  a  verdict  for  defendant  was

rendered April 11th.


   The  case  of  Frank  Supelko  vs.   Shoal Creek Coal  Company  was

dismissed for want of prosecution.


   The case of Jesse Havron vs.  Shoal  Creek  Coal  Company was tried

Tuesday.  The plaintiff was injured Nov.  6,  1911, by an explosion of

gas in the defendant's mine at  Panama.   Plaintiff's  hands  and face

were badly burned.  The jury gave him $1500.



   The  Panama  coal  mine  has  added  two  more names  to  its  ever

increasing list of fatalities and this time  it  is  two young men who

were the victims of its deadly gases.

   Tuesday afternoon a terrific explosion occurred  in some of the new

works  which  blowed  dirt  and  dust  even  to the top of the  shaft,

although occurring over 1000 feet from the  main shaft.  Among the men

working below were Joe Payne  and  Potter  Caulk, drivers who had gone

into a new entry for some material for  use  in  closing  up  some old

works.  With unprotected lamps  they  ran  into  a pocket of gas which

instantly ignited and resulted in the  explosion  which  cost  the two

drivers their lives.

   The bodies when found were not mutilated to a great degree but were

badly burned. The force  of  the  explosion was shown by the damage

done along the entry and the mule which was driven by the men into the

place was literally blown to pieces.

   The men were no doubt killed instantly  as  the  bodies  bore  that

evidence when recovered by the rescue parties and brought to the top.

   Coroner Gray was notified and arrived  Wednesday  morning  and  the

jury returned a verdict in accordance with the facts.                                                                     


                        Montgomery News

                             May 3, 1912




   The acts of heroism performed at Panama,  this  county, at the time

of the terrible gas  explosion  in  the  mine there November 11, 1910,

were rewarded last week and four residents of this county were awarded

medals, pensions and donations of money.

   John J. Wilbur lost his life there  in  attempting  to  rescue  the

injured  miners  from  suffocation.   He  was  a mine track layer  and

displayed great bravery in entering the  mine after the explosion. His

widow is awarded a silver medal and a pension of $35 a month with $5 a

month additional for each of their children until each reaches the age

of 16.

   James W. Blaylock is awarded a silver  medal  and  $1000 toward the

purchase of a farm. He was a miner  and saved another miner, Arthur E.

McReaken,  and  he  also  attempted  to   save   several  others  from


   Emil F. Grabruck, was the mine  superintendent  and did heroic work

in trying  to  save  the  miners  from  death.  He rushed into the gas

filled mine and was himself overcome and  it  was several hours before

he could be resuscitated.   His  health  was  injured and he has never

recovered.  Mr. Grabruck was sent to Texas  and  allowed  to  take  an

extended vacation in the hopes that he could recover, but, it is said,

he is still mentally and physically unable  to  perform  his duties as

mine superintendent.  He  is  a  brother  of Rinehart Grabruck who was

killed here on Seward street crossing about  two  years  ago.  Emil F.

Grabruck is given a silver medal and $1000 in money as he needs it.

   Arthur E.  McReaken was awarded a  silver  medal  and  $1000 toward

liquidating his indebtedness.  He also  did  heroic work in attempting

to rescue the miners from suffocation.

   It will be remembered that six men were  killed at the time of this

explosion which was caused by Raffel Romania  entering a room that had

not been used for some time, in search of his tools.  His lamp ignited

the  gas  that  had accumulated in the  room  and  caused  a  terrible

explosion.  We give below  the  names  of  those who lost their lives;

Jacob  Herman, George Mancheff, Joe Ganero,  John  J.  Wilbur,  Raffel

Romanio and George Petchoff.

   A number of miners were badly burned and several law suits grew out

of the accident.

   The awards from the Carnegie Hero Fund  are  made  by  a commission

appointed by Mr. Carnegie.  This commission visits the scene where the

act of heroism is performed when application is made for participation

in the fund or  where  they  may  hear  of any particular act that has

attracted public attention and that deserves recognition.

   The following account  of  the  heroism  of  these men at Panama is

taken  from  the record of the  commission  awarding  the  medals  and


   "After  they  had  gone  250  feet into  an  entry  in  which  much

after damp was present, Blaylock and McReaken  felt the effects of the

gas  but  Wilbur  crawled  165  feet   further  and  then  called  for


   "Blaylock had crawled 100 feet of the  distance  when he was forced

to lay close to the floor to revive  himself.  Starting to get back to

good  air,  he heard Wilbur call  for  aid.   Meantime,  McReaken  had

reached Wilbur.  Together they  dragged  Wilbur  a short distance back

when McReaken was overcome.  Blaylock  succeeded  in dragging McReaken

to where the air was better  before  he lost consciousness, but had to

abandon Wilbur, whose body was recovered later.  Blaylock and McReaken

were taken from the mine and revived."

   "Grabruck, the mine superintendent, who joined  Wilbur  and his two

companions in the gassy entry, penetrated  nearer  to the scene of the

explosion  than  they.  He assisted two  men  toward  fresh  air,  but

weakened by gas,  lost  his  way  and  became unconscious.  The men he

tried to rescue lost their lives but he  was  taken  from the mine and





   The committee on  road  and  bridges  submitted their report on the

petition  of  the highway commissioners of  the  township  of  Grisham

requesting aid in the construction of a  bridge to be built over Shoal

Creek where the same is crossed by the road leading from Walshville to

Panama, said bridge being estimated to cost the sum of $4000.

   The committee reported favorably upon  said  petition and requested

that the chairman appoint a committee  of  three to act in conjunction

with  the  highway  commissioners  of said  township  in  letting  the

contract for said bridge.

   On motion of Mr. Gorman said report  was  adopted  and the chairman

appointed the following committee:


   Charles D. Burris

   Herman Huber

   F. P. Cockelreas


                           Montgomery News

                             Jun. 7, 1912




   Frank Snilach and Miss Neze Kreus of  Panama went to St. Louis last

Friday and were married.



   The St. Louis papers last  Monday  published  the names of Lewis B.

Miller and Miss Elva Caulk both of Panama, among those having procured

marriage licenses that day, from  which  we  infer that Lewis and Elva

are now matrimonially welded.

                           Montgomery News

                            Jun. 21, 1912




   "Frenchy" Clark, a  resident  of  Panama  was arrested this week by

Sheriff Kiggins and is now in jail on  a charge of bootleging booze or

words  to  that  effect.   "Frenchy"  was  in  jail  once  before  for

assaulting a man at Panama and he claims he can prove his innocence of

the charge now against him.  He says he was digging a cellar at Panama

when a bunch of tramp coal miners came  along and asked for a job.  He

gave them work and also  passed  around  a jug of whiskey to stimulate

the efforts of his crew of workers.   Everybody  partook  freely and a

general fight  resulted.   When  Frenchy  sobered  up he found himself

under arrest, his booze gone, and still  the  cellar  wasn't dug.  The

officers have other evidence,  however,  which  will probably make him

want to plead guilty and take his  medicine  now  instead  of  waiting

until September for  the  county  court  to  convene and then take his





   Louis B. Coyle and Miss Adeline L.  Lallman of Panama, this county,

were married at St. Louis Monday.  The  young people slipped away from

their Panama friends Monday morning and the news of their marriage was

learned through the  St.  Louis  papers.   They will reside at Panama,

where the groom works in the coal mine.




   Ernest  Kessinger assessor of Grisham  township  returns  his  book

which shows the following totals and the assessed value:

   336 horses $8733

   502 cattle $4443

   69 mules and asses $1632

   280 sheep $288

   328 hogs $618

   3 steam engines $115

   1 safe $34

   282 carriages and wagons $1093

   15 clocks $26

   61 sewing machines $69

   23 pianos $447

   18 organs $75

   Agricultural tools $561

   Household and office property $1516

   Grain on hand $254

   Total assessed value all personal property $39791

   The following pay taxes  in  Grisham  township on personal property

the assessed value of which amounts to $500 or more.

   W. D. Boone             $690

   Cary Cunningham      $528

   Mary Dockery           $667

   Fred Helfers               $1,000

   Minnie Heckel           $560

   J. M. Kessinger          $1,051

   H. C. Keith                 $903

   William O. Miller       $970

   Shoal Creek Coal Co. $1,049

   N. B. Wilson               $787

   S. R. McCulloch         $565

   Bank of Panama          $833

   Kinzer and Wood        $700

   Charles Serenco          $500

   Panama Merc. Co.      $1,666

   Aurilla Aydelotte        $4,410

   W. D. Boone              $1,500

   I. J. Brooks                 $714


                           Montgomery News

                            Jun. 28, 1912




   The Adjustment Bureau of the St.  Louis Credit Men's Association by

their attorney, M. J. McMurray, have  filed  suit in the circuit court

against S. B. Compton and A. J.   Compton  of  Panama  on a promissory

note for $660.78 with interest at seven per cent from date.

   Guy C. Lane and M.  J.  McMurray,  attorneys of this city have also

filed  suit in the circuit court against  S.  B.  Compton  and  A.  J.

Compton of Panama on a  promissory  note  for $241.96 with interest at

seven per cent from date.  Both suits are against the same parties and

both notes were dated the same day,  March  20, 1912, and are both due

the same date, June 20, 1912.


   It will be remembered that S. B. and  A. J. Compton moved here from

Panama not many months  ago  and  started  a general store in the Dort

building on Main street just opposite  the  Howell  and  Dorsey lumber

yard.  They had a very nice line of goods  but did not seem to do much

business and it was not long before they  packed  up and moved back to

Panama where they have been living since.




   Taylor  Springs  baseball  team  made  the  long journey to  Panama

Sunday,  June  23, and met their Waterloo  for  the  first  time  this

season, the score  being  11  to  12  in favor of Panama.  Pretty good

game.  All baseball teams wanting games  apply  to  manager  of Taylor

Springs ball club, Frank Stank or Charles Craven.


                       Montgomery News

                            Aug. 16, 1912




   Paul DeShane was released from jail  this  week after securing bond

in the sum of $3000.  The Italian whom he shot at Panama last Saturday

is recovering.  It has been learned that  DeShane  owes  his life to a

tie clasp.  When he turned the gun on himself, the bullet struck a tie

clasp which caused it to glance, inflicting  only a slight flesh wound

on his side.  Had it not been for the tie clasp, the bullet would have

pierced his stomach.




   Paul DeShane, a young coal miner of Panama, shot Biaggio Lasero

another coal miner of that city on Saturday night of last week, August

10, and as a result of the shooting  DeShane is now in the county jail

being held on a charge of assault to kill and Lasero is in a St. Louis

hospital hovering between life and death.

   Should  Lasero  die,  young  DeShane  will  have to defend  himself

against a charge of murder.

   It is alleged that DeShane had  been  drinking all day Saturday and

on Saturday evening he met Biaggio Lasero  in the Red Onion restaurant

at Panama and told  Lasero  to  go  get  him a bottle of beer.  Lasero

responded that he did not have any beer  and  didn't know where to get

any.  Words passed between the two and  DeShane, it is stated, went to

a hardware store and purchased a revolver.   This  was about 5 o'clock

Saturday evening.  At seven o'clock Biaggio Lasero was standing on the

front porch of the Red Onion  restaurant  when  DeShane approached and

shot  him.   The  bullet  struck  Lasero  in  the right side  but  was

deflected by one of his ribs and made  its  exit  under his arm, a few

inches from  the  place  it  entered.   Lasero  fell to the ground and

DeShane then turned the gun on himself and the bullet struck a rib and

plowed a furrow around his  side,  making  only a flesh wound which is

not serious unless blood poisoning should result from it.

   DeShane says he and Lasero were fighting  and in the fight over the

gun it was discharged twice and both of  them  were  hit  and  that he

didn't intend to shoot Lasero or himself.

   After  the shooting took place Lasero was  taken  to  a  St.  Louis

hospital for treatment  and  young  DeShane  was brought to the county

jail where he will be held until the grand jury meets.

   The young man comes from a prominent family in the southern part of

the county and can attribute his present  predicament to booze.  It is

hinted, however, that a woman of disreputable character was in the Red

Onion restaurant at the time of the  shooting  and  that  DeShane  and

Lasero were fighting over her.


                           Montgomery News

                            Aug. 23, 1912



Charged with killing Biaggio Lasero in Panama.


   Paul DeShane, the young coal miner  of  Panama who shot and fatally

wounded Biaggio Lasero, an Italian coal  miner  on  Saturday  evening,

Aug. 10, is in  the  county  jail  at  Hillsboro where he will have to

answer to a charge of murder.

   After the  shooting  occurred,  Lasero  was  rushed to a St.  Louis

hospital where he died on Sunday of  this  week  and  the  bondsmen of

DeShane promptly surrendered him to  the  custody of the sheriff.  The

body of Lasero was brought from St.  Louis to Litchfield where Coroner

Gray held an inquest on Wednesday afternoon  of this week and the jury

returned a verdict of murder and ordered  DeShane held without bail to

await the action of the grand jury.

   It was first stated that Lasero  had  sold  DeShane intoxicants and

DeShane then shot him because he would sell him no more.  Later it was

rumored  that  the  shooting  was  over  a  woman  in  the  Red  Onion

restaurant, but both these reports  are absolutely without foundation,

according to the testimony gathered at the coroner's inquest.

   The shooting did not  take  place  at  a restaurant but happened if

front of a house, the lower floor of which was occupied by Robert Dean

and his father in law Robert Clinton, the upper  rooms by Mr. and Mrs.

Jack McCale and Biaggio Lasero who was batching there.  Lasero did not

know DeShane and DeShane only  knew  Lasero  as an Italian coal miner.

They had never had trouble of any kind and the shooting was apparently

the result of a drink crazed youth who  murdered a man who was a total

stranger to him and without absolutely any provocation.

   DeShane hardly knew the families  living  in the house where Lasero

was staying and Lasero only had  a speaking acquaintanceship with them

and for this reason the shooting affray  could not have been caused by

jealousy over a woman.

   At the time of the shooting the  front  porch of the Dean house was

occupied by the following parties, all of  whom  were eye witnesses to

the murder: Mrs. Robert Dean,  Mrs.   Robert Clinton, Mrs.  Bernadino,

Patrick Clinton, aged 9; Grace Clinton, aged 12 years; Jack McCale and

Hugh  Graham.   All  of  these  testified  at the  coroner's  inquest,

Wednesday,  and their account of the  shooting  was  in  substance  as


   Biaggio Lasero was batching in the house and came down stairs for a

bucket of water.  Just  as  he  reached  the front porch, Paul DeShane

came along the street in a drunken  condition.   He  called  to Lasero


   "Get me a couple of bottles of beer you round headed          ."

   Lasero responded with a shrug of his shoulders and said:

   "Me no got beer.  Me give you  cold  drink  water.  That's what you


   It is said that DeShane cursed the  Italian  and went straight down

town, bought a pistol  and  cartridges  and  returning to the house he

found Lasero standing on the porch  leaning  against  a  porch column.

Without a word of warning DeShane pulled  his revolver and shot Lasero

in the right breast.

   The witnesses testified that there were  no words exchanged between

the two and the shot from DeShane's  revolver  came  like  a  clap  of

thunder from a clear sky.

   When DeShane first went to the house  where  Lasero was batching he

met Mrs. Robert Clinton and asked for  permission to go inside and lie

down as he was sleepy.  She saw that  he  was  under  the influence of

liquor and told him he had better go home and go to bed as they didn't

keep transient boarders.  While she was advising him, Lasero came down

from upstairs after a  bucket  of  water  and it was then that DeShane

called him a round head and ordered him to get two bottles of beer.

   DeShane was gone only a short time from  the Dean house and when he

returned no one suspected that he was  looking for trouble and without

a word of warning so the witnesses stated,  he walked up on the porch,

stood  behind Jack McCale and began firing  at  Lasero,  who  had  not

noticed DeShane had returned until the bullet struck him.

   The wounded man reeled into the door  of  the  house and fell while

DeShane pointed the gun at  his  own  stomach and fired a bullet which

would have killed him had it not been  deflected  by a metal tie clasp

which he was wearing.

   DeShane must have been angered because the  three  men at the house

laughed at  his  drunken  condition  when  he first called and because

Biaggio  Lasero was an Italian his race  hatred  made  him  wreak  his

vengeance on this man  rather  than  on  the Americans who were on the

porch with Lasero.

   When he ordered Lasero to bring him  two bottles of beer and Lasero

laughingly  replied  he would give him a  good  cold  drink  of  water

instead, DeShane flew into a passion and  threatened to kill him. Hugh

Graham,  who  stood  on  the porch at  the  time  laughingly  said  to


   "Yes, you go get $30.  Spend $15 for  a  gun  and  $15 for beer and

first we'll kill the beer and then we'll kill them all."

   Not one of those present ever dreamed  that  DeShane meant to shoot

Lasero  upon  his  return  for  if  they  had, they could easily  have

disarmed him and prevented the terrible tragedy which has already cost

one life and which may yet cause DeShane  to pay the death penalty for

his crime.


                       Montgomery News

                            Sep. 6, 1912




   Sheriff M. T. Kiggins went  to  Panama  Sunday night and raided the

house occupied by Mrs.  Maud Clark, wife  of  Frenchy  Clark who is in

jail charged with selling booze.  After  the arrest of Frenchy several

months ago, his wife came here with  her  two  children  and  tried to

force Sheriff Kiggins to put her and the two children in jail and keep

them.  Mr.  Kiggins of course refused her demands and she deliberately

went back to Panama and opened a booze joint, expecting to be arrested

and placed in jail.  She was not  disappointed  and  is now behind the

bars with her husband.  The two children, however, will not be allowed

to remain in jail but will probably be  sent to some home.  As soon as

Frenchy and his wife found themselves both in jail they were contented

until they learned that there was a likelihood of their children being

taken from them and sent to some  home, then they commenced to realize

that they had both made mistakes in violating the law.

   After  the  arrest  of  Mrs.   Clark  Sunday night, Sheriff Kiggins

placed the city marshall of Panama in  charge  of about 200 bottles of

beer and two barrels of beer which  was  found in the home.  The house

was locked to keep the beer from  being  stolen but during the absence

of the city marshall the  door  was  broken open and when the marshall

returned he caught James Walker and Robert  Dean  of Panama inside the

house.  He placed the two under arrest and they will have to answer to

a charge of conspiracy and also to  a charge of burglary and attempted


   Mrs. Clark will have about half a  dozen charges placed against her

and will be prosecuted  to  the  fullest  extent because it was at her

place that young DeShane got drunk before  killing his man a few weeks

ago and it was at  her  house  that  a man named Miller got drunk last

Saturday and fired a shotgun at the front  door of a house just across

the street.  The load of  shot  tore  a  hole in the door and missed a

woman and her baby inside the house by  only  a few inches.  Miller is

out on bond.


                       Montgomery News

                            Sep. 13, 1912




   Frank "Frenchy" Clark plead guilty in  the county court last Friday

to selling liquor in Panama, which  is  anti saloon  territory.  There

were 20 counts and Frank confessed on  all  of them.  He was fined $30

on each of the first 10 counts and  $20  on  each  of  the  second  10

counts, making his fine $500 in  all.   The defendant was ordered sent

to  jail  until  the fines and costs  were  fully  paid.   Frank  will

probably be out  in  time  to  eat  his Thanksgiving dinner at home in



   Maud Clark plead guilty to selling booze  in  Panama  and was fined

$400.  She plead guilty on 20  counts.   A capias pro fine was ordered

for $300 of the fine and costs.


                           Montgomery News

                            Sep. 20, 1912




   As  the  result  of a drunken row  at  Panama  last  Sunday,  Frank

Kruzlack is in an East St.  Louis  hospital  with four ribs cut in two

and John Kulick is in jail charged  with carving Kruzlack with an axe.

The Panama police  arrested  Kulick  after  the  fight and sent him to

jail and they sent Kruzlack to the  hospital.   He  is  reported  in a

critical condition.

   Kulick's preliminary hearing was to be  held  on  Thursday  morning

but was continued  to  await  the  outcome of Kruzlack's injuries.  He

claims they were drunk and fought, then  went  back  to drinking again

and soon were fighting again.  An axe and  a big dirk knife were found

in the room where the fight occurred.

   In  speaking  of  the  fight  the   Globe  Democrat  contained  the

following account, which is believed to be highly colored.

   Frank  Kruzlack,  38  years  old,  of  Panama, Ill.,  a  native  of

Austria Hungary, was taken to St. Mary's  hospital,  East  St.  Louis,

early Sunday  morning,  in  a  serious  condition, suffering from more

than fifty cuts on his shoulders, arms  and  body.  He was unconscious

and  unable  to  give  an  account  for his  injuries.   Friends,  who

accompanied him from Panama are conducting  an investigation, but have

been unable to learn who attacked him.

   According to their belief the man who  attacked  Kruzlack is also a

native of Austria Hungary, and they believe it  may be the result of a

feud begun in the old country.  They  believe  an  effort  was made to

sever Kruzlack's head.  A sharp axe, used  in the attack, was found in

Kruzlack's  bedroom  in  Panama,  where  the  assault  occurred.   His

shoulders and arms were hacked  with  the axe, indicating, his friends

say, that when Kruzlack's assailant tried to  cut  off  his  head, the

former protected himself with his arms.  His  back and chest were also


   The bloody axe, sharpened to a razor like edge is the only clue.




   A mortgage was  filed  in  the  recorder's office at Hillsboro this

week given by the Shoal Creek Coal Company  at  Panama  for the sum of

$450,000.   The  mor